A Report on Vocational Training in Chicago and in Other Cities: An Analysis of the Need for Industrial and Commercial Training in Chicago, and a Study of Present Provisions Therefor in Comparison with Such Provisions in Twenty-nine Other Cities, Together with Recommendations as to the Best Form in which Such Training May be Given in the Public School System of Chicago
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17 Fair 17 Poor academic subjects Apprentice Schools apprenticeship arithmetic bookbinding Boston boys and girls building business college cent cent Chicago Cincinnati commercial courses continuation schools course of study eighth grade electrical elementary industrial elementary school establishments factory Fair 17 Federation of Labor Fitchburg foremen four-year course fourteen and sixteen give given grade Age graduates high-grade skill hours a week industrial courses industrial education industrial history industrial schools instruction interest large numbers leave school Lewis Institute Machine manual training manufacturing Massachusetts mathematics mechanics ments millinery number of employees offered Office organized labor over-age patternmaking penmanship Physical education 20 Poor 16 Poor practical present problems public schools pupils question replies Semester shopwork sixth grade skilled employees stenography strength of materials Table teachers technical courses Technical drawing Technical High School tion trade school trade training trigonometry two-year unions vocational courses vocational school wages York
Page 214 - good" box could not be produced if any of the group of boys did "bad" work. The second project was a box smaller and more finely constructed than the first. Sixteen hundred of these were made. In speaking of the methods used in making the later projects it is only necessary to note two points in which they differed from those first employed: First, in the earlier project the groups were chosen with reference to the ability of individual boys and the difficulty of the several operations. In the later,...
Page 151 - ... theory, so that when the student comes to that particular theory, the exemplifications which he has had in his practical work in the shop are called to his attention. It will be seen, then, that out of the student's own experience is drawn much of his course in mechanism, thermodynamics, machine design, strength of materials, shop economics, etc.
Page 119 - Illinois legislature in 1903, providing that when indentures are drawn, "in all municipalities where a manual training school is maintained for the technical instruction of apprentices, such indentures shall further provide that it shall be the duty of the master to cause the apprentice to attend such school for a least three consecutive months in each year without expense to the apprentice.
Page 213 - ... construction, so it was decided to begin the industrial work with boxmaking. It was found that pasteboard boxes, costing three-quarters of a cent each, were being used by the school department in sending out certain supplies, and the class undertook the manufacture of several hundred of these boxes.
Page 151 - The shop co-ordinator is a college graduate acquainted with shop practice. He spends every morning at the university and every afternoon in the shops. His function is to make a direct weekly co-ordination of the work of the shop with the theory of the university. One afternoon, for example, he may be at the shops of a local manufacturing company, where he will observe the student apprentices at work. He will know what they are turning out, their speeds...
Page 75 - Do you favor public trade schools for boys and girls between 16 and 18, that would give two years of practical training, together with drawing and mathematics, provided the graduates of such schools should serve two years more as apprentices or improvers ?" as given below will undoubtedly prove of much interest : Groups of Trades No.
Page 82 - ... prepare and enter some branch of actual vocational work. We believe that as much attention should be given to the proper education of those "who are at work in our industries as is now given to those who .prepare to enter professional and managerial careers, simply to balance justice and make it necessary to give to the wage-earning classes and the common industries such equivalent as we can for what the present schools are doing for the wealthier classes, as well as for the professional and...
Page 9 - Our great contention is that vocational training be introduced into our school system as an essential part of its education — in no illiberal sense and with no intention of separating out a class of workingmen's children who are to receive trade training at the expense of academic training.
Page 203 - ' — demonstration of selling in the class, and salesmanship lectures. The note-book work required gives material for English, including spelling, punctuation, and penmanship. Demonstration of selling in the class is conducted like the teaching lessons in normal schools. Real customers, chosen because they represent different types, buy real articles. The sale is watched by the whole class, notes being taken of strong and weak points. When the sale is finished, the one who has made the sale is...