A review of the 'Vie de Jésus' of m. Renan

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Tresidder, 1864 - Всего страниц: 160
 

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Стр. 44 - A miracle is a violation of the laws of nature ; and as a firm and unalterable experience has established these laws, the proof against a miracle, from the very nature of the fact, is as entire as any argument from experience can possibly be imagined.
Стр. 47 - What is alleged is] a case of the supernatural ; but no testimony can reach to the supernatural ; testimony can apply only to apparent sensible facts ; testimony can only prove an extraordinary and perhaps inexplicable occurrence or phenomenon : that it is due to supernatural causes is entirely dependent on the previous belief and assumptions of the parties.
Стр. 60 - ... any man should, pretend, that yesterday he divided the Thames, in presence of all the people of London, and carried the whole city, men, women, and children, over to Southwark, on dry land ; the waters standing like walls on both sides : I say, it is...
Стр. 62 - THAT THE MATTER OF FACT BE SUCH AS THAT MEN'S OUTWARD SENSES, THEIR EYES AND EARS, MAY BE JUDGES OF IT. (2.) THAT IT BE DONE PUBLICLY IN THE FACE OF THE WORLD. (3.) THAT NOT ONLY PUBLIC MONUMENTS BE KEPT UP IN MEMORY OF IT, BUT SOME OUTWARD ACTIONS TO BE PERFORMED. (4.) THAT SUCH MONUMENTS AND SUCH ACTIONS OR OBSERVANCES BE INSTITUTED, AND DO COMMENCE FROM THE TIME THAT THE MATTER OF FACT WAS DONE.
Стр. 41 - The entire range of the inductive philosophy is at once based upon, and in every instance tends to confirm by immense accumulation of evidence, the grand truth of the universal order and constancy of natural causes as a primary law of belief; so strongly entertained and fixed in the mind of every truly inductive inquirer, that he can hardly even conceive the possibility of its failure.
Стр. 41 - ... the impossibility even of any two material atoms subsisting together without a determinate relation; of any action of the one on the other, whether of equilibrium or of motion, without reference to a physical cause; of any modification whatsoever in the existing conditions of material agents, unless through the invariable operation of a series of eternally impressed consequences, following in some necessary chain of orderly connection, however imperfectly known to us.
Стр. 41 - But in order that any alleged fact should be contradictory to a law of causation, the allegation must be, not simply that the cause existed without being followed by the effect, for that would be no uncommon occurrence ; but that this happened in the absence of any adequate counteracting cause. Now in the c:ise of an alleged miracle, the assertion is the exact opposite of this.
Стр. 7 - Nature ; a hidden, most profoundly hidden, unconscious instinct ; and the whole process of History (as already observed), is directed to rendering this unconscious impulse a conscious one. Thus appearing in the form of merely natural existence, natural will — that which has been called the subjective side, — physical craving...
Стр. 45 - I beg the limitations here made may be remarked, when I say that a miracle can never be proved so as to be the foundation of a system of religion. For I own that otherwise there may possibly be miracles or violations of the usual course of nature, of such a kind as to admit of proof from human testimony, though perhaps it will be impossible to find any such in all the records of history.
Стр. 60 - For example : suppose any man should pretend that yesterday he divided the Thames in presence of all the people of London, and carried the whole city, men, -women, and children, over to Southwark on dry land, the waters standing like walls on both, sides ; I say, it is morally impossible that he could persuade the people of London that this was true...

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