A short description of the history and antiquities of St. Cross, near Winchester: Extracted from the Rev. Dr. Milner's History and survey of Winchester

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Printed by J. Robbins, 1818 - Church buildings - 32 pages

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Page 4 - The lofty tower, with the grated door and porter's lodge beneath it, the retired ambulatory, the separate cells, the common refectory, the venerable church, the black flowing dress and the silver cross worn by the members, the conventual appellation of Brother, with which they salute each other ; in short, the silence, the order, and the neatness that here reign, serve to recall the idea of a Monastery, to those who have seen one, and will give no imperfect idea of such an establishment to those...
Page 21 - Others are in the horse-shoe form ; of which. the entrance into the north porch is the most unique specimen. In one place we have a curious triangular arch. The capitals and bases of the columns alternately vary in their form, as well as in their ornaments. The same circumstance is observable in the ribs of the arches, especially in the north and south aisles; some of them being plain, and others profusely embellished, and in different styles, even within the same arch.
Page 20 - ... which measures 120 feet, and a large square tower over the intersection. It is entirely the work of De Blois, except the front and upper story of the west end, which are of a...
Page 22 - ... others profusely embellished, and in different styles, even within the same arch. Here we view almost every kind of Saxon and Norman ornament, the chevron, the billet, the hatched, the pellet, the fret, the indented, the nebule, the wavey, all superiorly executed.
Page 11 - ... exclusive of one chaplain and the master, it is true, however, that certain doles of bread continue to be distributed to the poor of the neighbourhood ; and what is perhaps the only vestige left in the kingdom of the simplicity and hospitality of ancient times, the porter is daily furnished with a certain quantity of good bread and beer, of which every traveller or other person whosoever, that knocks at the lodge and calls for relief, is entitled to partake gratis.
Page 26 - ... happy effect of this intersection, in forming the pointed arch, until De Blois, having resolved to ornament the whole sanctuary of the church at present under consideration, with these intersecting semi-circles, after richly embellishing them with mouldings and pellet ornaments, conceived the idea of opening them by way of windows, to the number of four over the altar, and of eight on each side of the choir, which at once produced a series of highly pointed arches.
Page 27 - Winchester tower, built by De Blois himself ; it became necessary sometimes to place two of these windows close to each other, which not unfrequently stood under one common arch, as may be discovered in different parts of De Lucy's work in Winchester cathedral, executed in the reign of King John, and...
Page 21 - Saxon pillar, of equal dimensions in its circumference and its length, which, however, supports an incipient pointed arch. - The windows and arches are some of them short, with semi-circular heads, and some of them immoderately long, and terminating like a lance. Others are in the horse-shoe form, of which the entrance into the north porch is the most antique specimen.
Page 30 - ... seem to have been altered to their present form about the time of Wykeham. The vaulting of this part was evidently made by the second founder, Beaufort, whose arms, together with those of Wykeham...
Page 27 - However that matter may be, and wherever the pointed arch was first produced, its gradual ascent naturally led to a long and narrow form of window and arch, instead of the broad circular ones which had hitherto obtained; and these required that the .pillars on which they rested, or which were placed at their sides by way of ornament, should be proportionably tall and slender. Hence it became necessary to choose a material of firm texture for composing them, which occasioned the general adoption of...

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