## A source book in Greek scienceCovering the general fields of mathematics, astronomy, mathematical geography, physics, chemistry and chemical technology, geology and meteorology, biology, medicine, and physiological psychology, the present collection surveys the field of Greek scientific achievement over a thousand-year period. Many Greek scientific treatises were written and read by cultivated people who did not regard themselves as specialists. These works should appeal today to those readers who wish to understand not only the foundations of modern science, but also a vital element of the humanistic tradition. |

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### Contents

MATHEMATICS | 1 |

ASTRONOMY AND MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY | 89 |

MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY | 143 |

Copyright | |

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### Common terms and phrases

Alexandria Almagest animals appear Archimedes Archytas Aristotle Aristotle's astronomy axle body called cause centre century B.C. circle circumference cone construction cube cylinder described diameter Diophantus dioptra disease distance draw drawn earth equal equator Eratosthenes Euclid Euclid's Elements Eudoxus extant fact fixed stars follows force geometry given gold greater Greek Mathematics heat Hero of Alexandria Hipparchus Hippocratic History hole latitude length less magnitude matter means measure medicine meridian method mirror moon motion move movement nature object observed Pappus parallel passage perpendicular Philo of Byzantium plane plants Plato polygon Posidonius problem produced proof proportion Proposition Ptolemy Pythagorean ratio refraction right angles root sense side sound sphere spherical square stades stone straight line surface T. L. Heath Theophrastus theorem theory things treatise triangle vessel visual ray viviparous void water clocks weight wheel whole