A Study of Spinoza's Ethics

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Hackett Publishing, 1984 - Philosophy - 396 pages
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Expounds, compares, and criticises Spinoza's theses.
 

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Contents

Preface
1
Abbreviations
3
A CHARACTER SKETCH OF THE ETHICS
7
Why is it calledEthics?
9
How parts 1 and 2 fit in
13
Demonstrated in geometrical order
16
The hypotheticodeductive method
20
What are the data?
23
Ideas of ideas
184
TIME
193
Number and measure
196
Tempus and duration
202
Eternity
204
The reality of change
207
GOALS 3
213
The denial of all purpose
215

The invalidity of the demonstrations
25
THE CAST OF SPINOZAS MIND
29
theism
32
naturalism about mankind
35
conceptual minimalism
38
What is dualism?
41
dualism
47
Psychology and logic
50
THE ONE SUBSTANCE DOCTRINE 1
55
Attributes in Spinoza
60
No shared attribute
66
the official argument
70
Are there more than two attributes?
75
EXTENDED SUBSTANCE 1
81
Why space has no parts
85
Space as substance
88
Bodies as modes
92
Where does Spinoza say that space is substance?
97
What good is the field metaphysic?
103
Motion and rest
106
NECESSITY 1
111
The commitment to ruling out contingent truths
114
What does Spinoza think about contingency?
119
THINKING SUBSTANCE 2
125
Parallelism
127
A better case for parallelism
131
Panpsychism
135
Spinozas explanation of the parallelism
139
A threat to dualism?
143
The order of explanations
149
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 2
153
Deciding what to believe
159
Ideas as beliefs
162
Error
167
Error ignorance and truthvalues
171
Inadequate ideas
175
Reason the senses and error
182
Spinozas substitute for purpose
221
A theory of teleology
226
SELFPRESERVATION 3
231
The impossibility of selfdestruction
234
Suicide
237
Deriving the selfpreservation doctrine
240
Other arguments for egoism
246
AFFECTS 3 and 4
253
Desire as an affect
258
Spinozas list of affects
262
Spinozas account of emotions
267
Emotion and belief
271
Some theory about how emotions work
276
Strength of emotions
282
Cognition of good and bad
284
VALUE 4
289
Spinozas revisions of value concepts
292
The case for community of interest
299
The guidance of reason
307
Bodily versatility
310
FREEDOM 4
315
The psychology of the free man
317
its incoherence
324
PSYCHOTHERAPY 5
329
separating and joining
333
turning passions into actions
335
reflecting on determinism
337
Reactive attitudes in the Ethics
342
Love towards God
345
Hampshires Spinoza
347
THE LAST THREE DOCTRINES 5
357
Intuitive knowledge
364
The intellectual love of God
369
A judgment on the last three doctrines
372
Bibliography
377
Index of References
392
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About the author (1984)

Jonathan Bennett, who now lives on an island near Vancouver, BC, was formerly Lecturer in Moral Science at the University of Cambridge, and Professor of Philosophy at the University of British Columbia and then at Syracuse University. He has held visiting positions at Cornell, Michigan, Pittsburgh,
and Princeton, and has been a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences and a visiting Fellow at All Souls College, Oxford. He is Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the British Academy.

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