A survey of theoretical and empirical literature related to export assistance
Ann Hillberg Seitzinger, P. L. Paarlberg, United States. Dept. of Agriculture. Commodity Economics Division
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division, 1989 - Business & Economics - 32 pages
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Abbott assumed behavior benefits cash export subsidy cash subsidies comparative statics competing exporters constraints consumer surplus consumers country's relative price Dixit domestic prices Economic surplus EEP subsidies empirical studies equation export assistance literature Export Enhancement Program exporter's original expenditure foreign global cash export global export assistance global export subsidies Haley home country importer's new expenditure importer's revenue function importing country in-kind subsidies income and substitution income effects loan rate negative opportunity cost optimal original expenditure function output Paarlberg partial equilibrium payment-in-kind percent PIK subsidies price equilibrium model price level price responsive price subsidy price vectors producers production possibility frontier relative quantity line revenue function E*(P*,U Sharples Soviet Union spatial price equilibrium Subsidized country's relative subsidizing country subsidizing exporter subsidy costs substitution effects surplus targeted country Targeted export assistance targeted export subsidies targeted subsidy terms of trade U.S. wheat exports United welfare gain welfare increases world market prices world wheat market