A syntax of western Middle Iranian
The Parthian & Middle Persian languages were spoken in pre- Islamic Iran during the Parthian & Sasanian periods (c. 250 B.C.-A.D. 641). They are preserved in several literatures & on artifacts & documents such as coins, seals, ostraca, monumental inscriptions, & papyri. This grammar organizes, illustrates, & compares the basic morphological & syntactic features of the two languages. Major diachronic changes & dialect variations are also pointed out. Two appendixes discuss related topics in Manichaean texts & Sasanian inscriptions.
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The Reflexive Pronouns
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adjective adverb blessed BNPSH BYDWN clause conjunction construction copula cw'gwn cygwn direct object function GMII gods gryw Hajj hm'y hrwyn hw'stk HWHm HWHnd hwyn hynd ideogram impersonal impersonal verb indicate inscriptions intransitive intransitive verb KBYR klty KNRb krtk krtn krty lord lwb'n LWTH Manichean MHDa MN ZK MND'M modifier nominal sentence noun NPSH NYSH occurs Ohrmazd optative p'yt participle passive plural postposition predicate prepositional phrase present-future preverb pronoun Rastorgueva relative particle rwSn Sapur singular soul substantive suffix texts wgwn whrmzd wsn'd wxybyh wysp wzrg xwd'y YHWWNt YK'YMWN't ytwn yzd'n ZK ZY ZY NPSH