A System of Medicine, Volume 3

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Sir John Russell Reynolds
Macmillan, 1871 - Medicine
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Page 675 - ... can scarcely be maintained for pneumonia in the same sense as that in which the term is employed for the contagious pyrexial diseases. The causes of pneumonia are manifold, and the disease may originate under such diverse conditions that it seems impossible to attribute it to any single blood poison. On the other hand, the most probable hypothesis to explain its origin is that of an altered composition of, or the existence of some morbid material in, the blood, which, from its special qualities*,...
Page 825 - If there were but one bronchial tube with contracting fibro-cellular tissue around it, then the contracting tissue would, as in the instance of the stricture of the oesophagus or rectum, cause narrowing of the tube ; but when there is, as in the lung, a number of bronchial tubes, and the contracting tissue not placed around the tubes, but occupying the interval between the tubes, then the slow contraction of this tissue will tend to draw the parietes of one tube towards the parietes of the other,...
Page 174 - In cases of some duration, when the hardened fasces do not quite obstruct the passage, they excite irritation and a mucous discharge which, mixing with recent feculent matter passing over the lump, causes the case to be mistaken for diarrhoea. Injections have no effect in softening the indurated mass. They act only on the surface and return immediately, there being no room for their lodgement in the bowel.
Page 539 - That the relative proportion of these varies in different specimens of tubercle. That animal matter is most abundant in recent and earthy salts in chronic tubercle.
Page 147 - Luck has ennobled many a worthless medicine," he declares; but as to the value of opium he had no doubt, and it is thus he extols it : — " And here I cannot but break out in praise of the great God, the Giver of all good things, who hath granted to the human race, as a comfort in their afflictions, no medicine of the value of opium, either in regard to the number of diseases it can control or its efficiency in extirpating them.
Page 456 - This variety of croup seldom begins until the eruption of measles is on the decline, or the process of desquamation has commenced. Its occurrence is most frequent from the third to the sixth day from the appearance of the eruption, but it often occurs at a later, than at an earlier period.
Page 161 - ... solid motions, increasing afterwards, and lasting half an hour or an hour. It is described as a forcing sensation, or a feeling as if the bowel were unrelieved. The anus is strongly contracted and drawn in by the action of the sphincter. Any attempt to examine the part induces spasm ; and the finger passed through it is tightly grasped by the muscle, as if girt by a cord. In cases of old standing, the muscle becomes hypertrophied and forms a mass, encircling the finger like a thick unyielding...
Page 75 - The symptoms which attend and indicate impassable stricture are insuperable constipation, painful peristalsis coming on periodically, and often rendering itself audible by borborygmi, and visible through the abdominal walls, abdominal fulness and uneasiness, followed after a time by nausea and vomiting — the vomited matters becoming finally stercoraceous — and death at last from simple asthenia.
Page ix - Diseases of the Digestive System (continued). B. Diseases of the Mouth. C. Diseases of the Fauces, Pharynx, and (Esophagus. D. Diseases of the Intestines. E. Diseases of the Peritoneum. F. Diseases of the Liver. G. Diseases of the Pancreas.
Page 144 - RESEARCHES INTO THE CAUSES, NATURE, and TREATMENT of the more prevalent DISEASES of INDIA, and of WARM CLIMATES generally.

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