Withering's British Plants: The Flowering Plants and Ferns of Great Britain and Ireland, Arranged According to the Linnaean System : with Instructions to Beginners, Illustrative Figures, a Glossary, and Outline of a Natural Classification

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Edward Law, 1863 - Botany - 476 pages
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Page 36 - If gathered in wet weather, they must be laid out for some time on a table or elsewhere to undergo a partial drying. When roots have been taken up along with the stems, they ought to be first washed, and then exposed for some time to the air. Let us now suppose that a dozen specimens are procured. Over one of the boards lay two or three sheets of the paper, on the uppermost of which spread out the plant to be dried, unfolding its various parts, not however, so as to injure its natural appearance....
Page 36 - ... (16 quires perhaps) ; eight boards of the same size, about an inch thick, of hard wood ; four iron weights, or pieces of lead, two of them about forty pounds weight, the others half that number. Or in place of these weights a number of clean bricks may be used, or in short any heavy bodies of convenient form. Along with these articles, a botanical box is necessary. This box is made of tin, and varies in size, from nine inches to two feet in length, according to the taste and avidity of the collector....
Page 130 - Cowslip. Paigle. Leaves toothed, wrinkled, contracted towards the middle : stalk many-flowered ; limb of the corolla concave. Leaves more downy and softer than in the foregoing : flowers in, umbels : corolla with the limb concave, shorter, and of a deeper yellow : the flowers are used for making cowslip wine. Perennial : flowers in April and May : grows in meadows and pastures.
Page 412 - Common White Willow. Leaves between elliptical and lance-shaped, pointed, serrate, silky on both sides, the lowest serratures glandular; stamens hairy; germen smooth, almost sessile; stigmas deeply cleft ; scales rounded. A tall tree, with rugged bark and spreading branches, silky when young. Flowers in May : grows in moist woods, and on the banks of rivers and ditches.
Page 131 - Root large, black, creeping : stems round : leaves ternate on round footstalks : clusters stalked, opposite the leaves : corolla flesh-coloured, the filaments white. This beautiful plant is possessed of powerful medicinal properties : an infusion of the leaves is extremely bitter, and is prescribed in rheumatisms and dropsies : it may be used as a substitute for hops in making, beer, and is employed as a purgative for calves.
Page 102 - The great part of the root," says Gerarde, " seemeth to be bitten away : old fantasticke charmers report, that the divel did bite it for envie, because it is an herbe that hath so many good vertues, and is so beneficial to mankinde.
Page 409 - Brownish Dwarf Willow. Leaves between elliptical and oblong, acute, straight, flat, with a few glandular teeth, glaucous and silky beneath ; stipules none ; stem erect, much branched ; germen sessile, nearly smooth, tapering into an elongated style. A small bushy shrub, from six to twelve inches high, with brown branches', downy when young.
Page 230 - Common Asarabacca. Leaves two on each stem, kidney-shaped, obtuse. Roots creeping : stems very short, simple, round, each bearing two leaves, and a single flower, of a greenish-brown colour : filaments extending beyond the anthers. The powdered root acts as an emetic ; the powder of the leaves occasions a discharge from the nostrils, without much sneezing, and forms the base of cephalic snuffs. Perennial : flowers in May : grows in mountainous woods in the north of England. Eng.
Page 30 - MONA'NDRIA. This class includes all plants having a single stamen in each of their flowers. 2. DIA'NDRIA. Two stamens in each flower. 3. TRIA'NDRIA. Three stamens. 4. TETRA'NDRIA. Four stamens. 5. PENTA'NDRIA. Five stamens. 6. HEXA'NDRIA. Six stamens. 7. HEPTA'NDRIA. Seven stamens. 8. OCTA'NDRIA. Eight stamens. 9. ENNEA'NDRIA. Nine stamens. 10. DECA'NDRIA. Ten stamens. 11.
Page 411 - Common Osier. Leaves linear, inclining to lanceshaped, elongated, taper-pointed, entire, waved, snow-white and silky beneath ; branches straight and slender ; germen sessile ; style as long as the linear, undivided stigmas. A tree, with very long, straight branches, downy when young. Cultivated for basket-work, of various kinds : flowers in April and May : grows in wet meadows, and by rivers ; common. Eng. Bot. vol. xxvii. pi. 1898. Eng.

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