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alcohol ammonia animals atmosphere attacked average bacteria bath becomes Board of Health body building carbonic acid cause cent century chapter chloride cholera cities closet clothing cold contagious contain danger death death-rate decomposition digestive diphtheria disinfection drinking water effects epidemic especially excreta fatal feet fomites frequently ground-air ground-water heat Hence hospital humidity impure India infected infectious diseases inhalation inoculation less liable meat milk mortality nitrous acid observed occupation occur organic matter outbreak oxide oxygen patients persons Pettenkofer phthisis physicians pipe poison pollution present prevailed privy probably produced proportion putrefaction quantity quarantine removal Report sanitarian sanitary scarlet fever sewage sewer sick small-pox soil soil-pipe splenic fever spread suffer sulphurous acid supply surface symptoms syphilis temperature tion typhoid fever typhus fever usually vaccination vapor various vegetable ventilation vessel virus wards water-closets workmen yellow fever
Page 255 - Every year thousands undergo this operation ; and the French ambassador says pleasantly, that they take the small-pox here by way of diversion, as they take the waters in other countries.
Page 254 - People send to one another to know if any of their family has a mind to have the smallpox : they make parties for this purpose, and when they are met (commonly fifteen or sixteen together ) the old woman comes with a nut-shell full of the matter of the best sort of small-pox, and asks what veins you please to have opened.
Page 254 - A propos of distempers, I am going to tell you a thing that I am sure will make you wish yourself here. The smallpox, so fatal and so general amongst us, is here entirely harmless by the invention of ingrafting, which is the term they give it. There is a set of old women who make it their business to perform the operation every autumn, in the month of September, when the great heat is abated. People send to one another to know if any of their family has a mind to have the smallpox...
Page 255 - The children or young patients play together all the rest of the day, and are in perfect health to the eighth. Then the fever begins to seize them, and they keep their beds two days, very seldom three. They have very rarely above twenty or thirty in their faces which never mark ; and in eight days' time, they are as welt as before their illness.
Page 225 - Give all your attention and effort to restore breathing by forcing air into and out of the lungs. If the breathing has just ceased, a smart slap on the face, or a vigorous twist of the hair will sometimes start it again, and may be tried incidentally, as may, also, pressing the finger upon the root of the tongue.
Page 225 - AVOID DELAY. A MOMENT may turn the scale for life or death. Dry ground, shelter, warmth, stimulants, etc., at this moment are nothing — ARTIFICIAL BREATHING IS EVERYTHING — is the ONE REMEDY — all others are secondary. Do not stop to remove wet clothing before efforts are made to restore breathing.
Page 223 - ... a line with the trunk. The tongue should be drawn forward so as to project a little from the side of the mouth. Then the arms should be drawn upwards until they nearly meet above the head (the operator grasping them just above the elbows), and then at once lowered and replaced at the side. This should be immediately followed by moderate pressure with both hands upon the lower part of the sternum. This process is to be repeated twelve or fourteen times in the minute.
Page 255 - ... you please to have opened. She immediately rips open that you offer to her with a large needle (which gives you no more pain than a common scratch), and puts into the vein as much matter as can lie upon the head of her needle, and after that binds up the little wound with a hollow bit of shell; and in this manner opens four or five veins.
Page 224 - FACE DOWNWARD, and maintaining all the while your position astride the body, grasp the points of the shoulders by the clothing, or, if the body is naked, thrust your fingers into the armpits, clasping your thumbs over the points of the shoulders, and raise the chest as high as you can (Fig.