A Theoretical and Practical Arithmetic ...

Swan, Brewer and Tileston, 1861 - Arithmetic - 324 pages

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Contents

 INTRODUCTION 11 Multiplication 22 Subtraction 28 General Principles in Division 37 Prime and Composite Numbers 43 The Least Common Multiple 50 Addition of Fractions 62 Practical Questions in Fractions 68
 Stocks 157 Practical Questions in Profit and Loss 165 Proportion a 172 Equation of Payments 182 Alligation Medial 189 Involution 197 Practical Questions in Square Root 206 Root of Higher Powers 214

 Reduction of Decimals 76 Addition of Decimals 77 Practical Questions in Federal Money 90 Multiplication of Denominate Numbers 104 Denominate Fractions 118 Partial Payments 139 Discount 151
 Annuities 223 223 Exchange of Currencies 229 Value of Foreign Coins 283 234 Similar Surfaces 249 Practical Questions 269 Questions for Examination and Review 282 APPENDIX Contractions in Multiplication 312

Popular passages

Page 88 - Multiply as in whole numbers, and from the right hand of the product point off as many figures for decimals as there are decimal places in both factors.
Page 21 - Los números cardinales 0: zero 1: one 2: two 3: three 4: four 5: five 6: six 7: seven 8: eight 9: nine 10: ten 11: eleven 12: twelve 13: thirteen 14: fourteen 15: fifteen 16: sixteen 17: seventeen 18: eighteen 19: nineteen 20: twenty...
Page 224 - ... a descending series. The numbers which form the series are called the terms of the series. The first and last terms are the extremes, and the other terms are called the means.
Page 207 - Multiply the given number into itself, till it is taken as a factor, as many times as there are units in the index of the power to which the number is to be raised.
Page 116 - Write the less compound number under the greater, so that units of the same denomination shall stand in the same column. Subtract as in subtraction of simple numbers.
Page 93 - When the multiplier is 10, 100, 1000, or 1 with any number of ciphers annexed, annex as many ciphers to the multiplicand as there are ciphers in the multiplier, and the multiplicand, so increased, will be the product required.
Page 148 - The rule for casting interest, when partial payments have been made, is to apply the payment, in the first place, to the discharge of the interest then due.
Page 63 - An improper fraction is one whose numerator is equal to, or greater than its denominator ; as, \$, -f . A mixed number is a whole number and a fraction expressed together; as, 4f, 25-ht.
Page 210 - The square of the sum of two numbers is equal to the square of the first number plus twice the product of the first and second number plus the square of the second number.
Page 66 - To reduce a mixed number to an improper fraction. RULE. — Multiply the whole number by the denominator of...