A Treatise on Brasses, Bronzes, and Other Alloys, and Their Constituent Metals, Volume 3

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Contents

Laws of Ore Distribution
17
Special Properties of Metals S 14 NcnFerrous Metals
19
Hardness
20
Conductivity
21
Lustre
24
Densities and Weights 2 5
27
Odor and Taste 2 8
28
Characteristics in General
30
Specific Heats
31
Expansion by Heat 3+ 26 Fusibility Latent Heat
38
Chemical Character
39
Copper History and Distribution
42
Qualities of Copper
43
AKT MG 62 Specific Gravity
44
lT PAOE 265 Grey Ternary Alloys 45
45
Ores and Sources
46
Processes of Reduction
47
Properties of Copper
54
Commercial Copper
55
Sheet and Bar Copper
59
Fusibility
63
Tin Sources and Distribution
64
Commercial Tin
66
Zinc History and Sources 40
70
Metallic Zinc
73
Lead
77
44 Ores of Lead
78
Smelting Galena
79
Commercial Lead
81
Antimony
82
Bismuth and its Ores
83
Nickel and its Ores
84
Uses of Nickel
86
Aluminium
88
Mercury
90
Platinum
92
Magnesium i
94
Arsenic
95
Iridium
96
Manganese
97
Rare Metals
98
Commercial Metals Prices
99
CHAPTER III
102
Chemical Nature of Alloys
104
Liquation
113
Specific Heat
116
Thermal Conductivity
118
Electric
120
Crystallization
123
Oxidation
124
Mechanical Properties
126
CHAPTER IV
130
Properties
136
Principal Bronzes
137
Early Bronzes
139
Oriental Bronzes
140
Density of Bronze Hi 80 Quality of Ordnance Bronze
141
PhosphorBronze
143
Uses of PhosphorBronze
145
CHAPTER V
158
Brass defined I5 85 Composition of Brass
159
Muntz Metal
160
Special Properties 101
161
Application in the Arts 10 J 91 Working Brass
163
Properties of Brass
164
CHAPTER VI
172
Iron and Zinc
174
ManganeseBronze
175
Preparation
176
Aluminium
178
Uses
180
CopperNickel Alloys
181
and Zinc German Silver
182
and Iron
183
Antimony
185
Bismuth
186
Lead
187
no SiliconBronze
188
13 Zinc and Iron
189
Bismuth Alloys
190
Tin and Lead Fusible Alloys
193
8 Lead and Antimony
196
Tin
198
21 Zinc
201
Antimony Bismuth and Lead
202
Iron and Manganese
203
Spences Metal
204
CHAPTER VII
205
The Brass Foundry
207
Furnace Manipulation
209
Preparation of Alloys
210
Effect of Small Doses of Metal
212
37 Stereotyping
214
German Silver
215
39 Babbitts Antifriction Metal
216
Standard Compositions
218
Special Recipes
221
Classified Lists
226
144 Bronzing
237
Lacquering
239
CHAPTER VIII
242
Factors of Safety
244
Measures of Resistance
246
50 Methods of Resistance
247
ART PAOO
260
Torsional
267
Shearing Resistance
278
Transverse Stress 387
284
Modulus of Elasticity
286
Transverse Resistance of Tin
292
83 Various Metals
298
CHAPTER IX
306
Hardness of Riche
312
ManganeseBronze under Impact
319
CopperTin Alloys U S Board
320
Metals used in Research
322
Temperatures of Casting
324
External appearance of Test Pieces
325
Behavior under Test
326
Appearance of Fractures
330
Records of Test
335
Final Results
341
Straindiagrams of Bronzes in Tensions
344
Straindiagrams of Bronzes in Compression
346
Transverse Straindiagrams
348
Comparison of Resistances 35
350
an Resiliences
353
Specific Gravities
355
Elastic Limits
359
Moduli of Elasticity
361
Ductilities
363
CHAPTER X
366
Earlier Experiments
367
Strength of Sterrometal
368
CopperZinc Alloys tested for the U S
369
Alloys tested
370
Appearance of Testpieces
371
Fractures
373
Temperatures of Casting 275
375
Mixtures and Analyses
376
Results of Tests
378
Conclusions from Tests
381
Torsion
391
of Shafts
392
Records of Tests
393
Straindiagrams of Tension
404
Transverse Tests
406
Resiliences
409
Moduli
411
Specific Gravities compared
412
Summary
413
CHAPTER XI
414
Sterrometal
415
CopperTinZinc Alloys
416
Selected Alloys
418
Details of Investigation
421
Method of Registry
425
General Deductions
427
Strain Diagrams
429
Tenacities 43
430
Ductility
434
Improvement
437
Thurstons Maximum Bronzes
440
Results of Tests
442
Discussion
443
Conclusions
446
Other Researches
447
CHAPTER XII
449
CHAPTER XIII
476
Bronze
477
Various Metals
480
Stress produced by Change of Temperature
481
Effect of Sudden Variation
482
ChillCasting
483
Tempering and Annealing on Density
484
on Tenacity
487
27S Temperature of Casting
488
27Q Time of Loading
489
2S0 Prolonged Stress on Tin and Zinc
492
Effect of Prolongsd Stress on Bronze
497
Fluctuation of Resistance
498
Effects of Intermitted and Steady Stress on Resistance
500
Stress on Deflection
502
Elastic Limits
508
Variable
512
CHAPTER XIV
517
The Whit worth Process
519
The Lavroff Process
523
Rolling and Forging
524
Hydraulic Forging Drop Forging
525
ThermoTension Annealing
526
ColdWorking
527
ART PAG 296 ColdRolling Iron Lauths Process
529
The Dean Process applied to Bronze
530
Uchatius Method
531
Experiments on Compressed Bronze
538
Uchatius Deductions
540
Comparison of Methods
541
Effect of Rolling and Hammering
543
Historical Discoveries
546
History of Experiments
551
Processes
552
ColdWorking Iron
555
Bronze
556
Conclusions
557
Notes on Tests
569
Tenacity of Brasses 384
571
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