A Treatise on the Law of Marine Collisions

Front Cover
Callaghan, 1895 - Collisions at sea - 481 pages
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Contents

Rules of the supervising inspectors
42
Local regulations
43
Usage
44
2a State laws
45
Duty after collision
47
Rules of 1864
49
International rules 1885
55
International rules 1890
63
Rules governing the navigation of the Great Lakes
72
Rules for the navigation of harbors rivers and inland waters of the United States
79
Rules of the supervising inspectors
80
Pilot rules for the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal 79 80 91 CHAPTER IIL LIGHTS
91
Visibility
92
When lights are doubtful
93
Displaying wrong light
95
Defective lights
98
Lights for vessels under way
99
Vessels towing
100
Vessels towed
102
Lights to be displayed by vessels at anchor
103
Anchoring in an improper place
107
Anchorwatch
109
Flareup lights by vessels at anchor
110
Lights by vessels aground
112
Exhibiting torch or flareup light
114
When failure to exhibit flareup light or torch is excusable
119
Burden of proof
121
CHAPTER IV
123
Sound signals and appliances
124
Rate of speed in fog mist or thick weather
129
Moderate speed
133
What speed is permissible
134
Stopping and reversing
135
Error in locating vessel in fog
138
Navigating in fog near docks and piers
139
Sailingvessels navigating in fog
140
Vessels anchored in fog
142
Substitution of signals
143
Sound signals for vessels towing and towed
144
Passing signals in fog
145
CHAPTER V
146
Both closehauled
150
Both sailing free
151
Meeting end
153
Change of course
155
Overtaking vessels
157
Crossing courses
159
Sailingvessels disabled
160
In stays
161
15 157 15 160 161 CHAPTER VL
162
Crossing courses
165
One steamer overtaking another
170
Overtaking vessel defined
171
Duties of overtaking vessels
172
Duty of leading vessel
174
Steamers passing Duty of vessel passing
176
Damage by suction and displacementwaves
178
Holding course
180
Change of course
182
Soundsignals for vessels in sight of each other
183
Sec Page 70 Signals to be timely
185
Answering signals
187
Danger signals
190
In case of doubt
194
Right of way
196
In narrow channels
198
Excessive speed
199
Sudden sheer
200
Departure from the rules 801
203
COLLISIONS BETWEEN STEAM AND SAILVESSELS 86 Duty of steamer
207
When duty begins
208
Giving wide berth
209
Stopping slackening speed and reversing
212
Duty of sailingvessel Holding course
213
Beating out its course
216
Change of course
217
Exception to the rule 421
221
9a Presumptions
222
COLLISIONS BY VESSELS NOT UNDER WAY 94 Between vessels leaving slip and vessels moored
224
Navigating near piers
226
Between vessels entering slip and vessels moored there
227
Duty of vessel moored 280
230
Mooring along side other vessels
232
Mooring in an unlawful place or exposed situation
235
Obstructing entrance to slip
236
Vessels projecting beyond pier or dock 287
237
Anchoring in navigable channels
249
Addie Schlaefer Call v The 234
250
Dragging anchor
251
Vessels drifting
252
Vessels getting under way
253
To anchor at a distance
254
Vessels at rest not anchored
255
Dredges and wrecking vessels
256
Presumptions
257
CHAPTER IX
258
Liability of tug
261
When treated as a single vessel
263
Liability of tow
265
Joint liability
267
Negligent towing
268
Promoting dangerous situation
270
Excessive length of towline
273
Right of way
275
Obstructing narrow channels
276
Making up tow
277
Shifting tow
278
Dangerous tow
279
TJnseaworthy tow 279 ft 135 Leaving tow exposed
280
Abandonment of tow
281
Towing rafts
282
Striving for precedence
283
Presumption of fault
284
CHAPTER X
285
Western rivers Inspectors Rule I
286
Inspectors Rule II
288
Narrow channels Inspectors Rule IH
289
Inspectors Rule IV
290
Sea Page
291
East river
297
Collisions with small boats Rowboats
303
Admiral The 168187
307
Collisions with wrecks
309
NEGLIGENCE IN GENERAL
316
Absence of lookouts excusable
322
Insufficient manning
328
Sec Page 18a Liability of seamen 830
330
Seaworthiness 832
332
CHAPTER XIIL DAMAGES 187 Negligence
334
Proximate cause of collision
335
Where only one is at fault
337
When both are at fault Contributory negligence
338
Division of damages 839
339
Gross negligence
346
Where neither is at fault
347
Inevitable accident
349
In extremis
351
Partial loss
353
19a Repairs 854
354
New for old material
359
Total loss
360
Valuation
362
Loss of freight
364
Damage to cargo
368
Demurrage
370
Appraisement
376
20a Interest
377
Insurance
378
Personal effects of seamen
379
Setoff
380
Costs
381
CHAPTER XIV
382
2ia What courts have jurisdiction
384
What acts limitation of liability may be asked for 886
386
Proceedings in rem
390
When the act may be invoked
391
Sea Page 218 Surrender of the vessel
402
At what time value of the vessel is to be determined
404
Who may institute proceedings
405
To what waters limitation of liability extends
406
To what vessels applicable
407
Foreign vessels and owners
409
Losses by personal injuries and death
411
Freight
412
Privity of owner
413
Claiming limitation and contesting liability
416
Giving stipulation
417
23a Costs
418
APPENDIX Admiralty rules of the supreme court of the United States
419
Pilot rules for the Great Lakes and their connecting and tribu tary waters as far east as Montreal
439
Personal injuries by collision 29
463
Copyright

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Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 73 - ... light, so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel, namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least five miles.
Page 69 - A vessel which is closehauled on the port tack shall keep out of the way of a vessel which is closehauled on the starboard tack. (c) When both are running free with the wind on different sides, the vessel which has the wind on the port side shall keep out of the way of the other.
Page 104 - A vessel of one hundred and fifty feet or upwards in length when at anchor shall carry in the forward part of the vessel, at a height of not less than twenty and not exceeding forty feet above the hull, one such light, and at or near the stern of the vessel, and at such a height that it shall be not less than fifteen feet lower than the forward light, another such light.
Page 292 - ... shall be deemed to be an overtaking vessel : and no subsequent alteration of the bearing between the two vessels shall make the overtaking vessel a crossing vessel within the meaning of these rules, or relieve her of the duty of keeping clear of the overtaken vessel until she is finally past and clear.
Page 64 - ... points abaft the beam on the starboard side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.
Page 69 - A steam vessel hearing, apparently forward of her beam, the fogsignal of a vessel the position of which is not ascertained, shall, so far as the circumstances of the case admit, stop her engines, and then navigate with caution until danger of collision is over.
Page 65 - ... in a vertical line one over the other, not less than six feet apart, and of such a character as to be visible all around the horizon at a distance of at least two miles...
Page 184 - I am directing my course to port." Three short blasts to mean, "My engines are going at full speed astern.
Page 87 - Every vessel coming up with another vessel from any direction more than two points abaft her beam — that is, in such a position, with reference to the vessel which she is overtaking that at night she would be unable to see either of that vessel's side lights — shall be deemed to be an overtaking vessel...
Page 77 - Every vessel which is directed by these rules to keep out of the way of another vessel shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid crossing ahead of the other.

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