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CHAP PAGE I Introductory
Conquest of North Afr1ca and Spa1n by the Arabs
Arab C1v1l1sat1on 1n Spa1n
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Abou Aiwalatin Almohade Almoravides amongst ancient Arab army Askia Audoghast Bautchi became Bekri Bello belt Benue Berber Borgu Bornu British administration British Government Caliph caravan carried chiefs Christian civilisation coast conquered conquest court desert Djouder dynasty east eastern Egypt emir Empire established Europe European existed expedition frontier Fulani Gando Ghana Gober gold Haussa Haussaland High Commissioner Ibn Batuta Ibn Khaldun important inhabitants Jenne Kagho Kanem Kano Katsena Kebbi king kingdom known Kontagora labour Lake Chad learned Mansa Musa marched Masina Melle ment mentioned military Mohammed Mohammedan Moorish Moors Morocco mosque native Negroland Northern Nigeria Nupe pagan period position prosperity Protectorate province races reign Resident river road rule rulers says sixteenth century slave-raiding slaves Sokoto Songhay Songhay Empire Sonni Soudan southern sovereign Spain Sultan territory throne Timbuctoo tion took town trade tribes troops Tuaregs Wangara West Africa Western Soudan Zaria