A Whaling Cruise to Baffin's Bay and the Gulf of Boothia: And an Account of the Rescue of the the Crew of the "Polaris"

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S. Low, Marston, Low, and Searle, 1874 - Arctic regions - 307 pages
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Page 318 - It is now known that the Arctic Ocean teems with life, and that of the more minute organized beings the multitude of kinds is prodigious ; these play a most important part, not only in the economy of organic nature, but in the formation of sedimentary deposits, which in future geological periods will become incorporated with the rock formations, whose structure has only lately been explained by the joint labours of zoologists and geologists.
Page 304 - From the important part extreme cold has of late years been found to have played in the last geological or glacial period, it would be of much value to have exact observations of the effects produced on the rocks by the intense cold of the northern regions ; to ascertain the extent, height, and range of the glaciers ; and to note their effects on the surface of the country, and on the different classes of rocks. Again, it would be interesting to determine the extent of the river floods, and the depths...
Page 301 - Ar>.'c expedition is a necessary complement to the expedition now investigating the ocean bottom in the middle and southern latitudes of the globe. The hydrography of the unknown seas has a most important bearing on the general question of oceanic currents, a question which is of practical consequence to navigation. Our knowledge of the general system of currents will be incomplete without an investigation of the currents, deep-sea temperatures, and soundings in the unknown area. Observations at...
Page 317 - Whether or no this be a true hypothesis, it embraces all the facts ; and botanists look anxiously to further explorations in the northern parts of Greenland for more light on the subject, and especially for evidence of rising or sinking of the land in Smith Sound and the countries north and east of it, and for evidence of ancient connection between Greenland and Scandinavia ; for observations on the temperature, direction, and depth of transporting currents in these seas, and on the habits of its...
Page 67 - ... some were so fast shut up, and compassed in amongst an infinite number of great countreys and islands of...
Page 317 - Scandinavian types, which had been lost in the struggle with the American types during their northward migration, and which hence do not reappear in Labrador and the Polar Islands, might well be preserved in the Alleghanies and White Mountains. And lastly, that a number of Scandinavian plants...
Page 311 - The condition of an isolated tribe, deprived of the use of wood or metals, and dependent entirely upon bone and stone for the construction of all implements and utensils, is also a subject of study with reference to the condition of mankind in the stone age of the world ; and a careful comparison of the former, as reported by explorers, with the latter, as deduced from the contents of tumuli and caves, will probably be of great importance in the advancement of the science of man.
Page 303 - Geology. — A more complete investigation of the geology of the Arctic regions is extremely desirable, both for its scientific importance and the value of its practical results. The existence of Carboniferous, Jurassic, and Miocene rocks is known, but much is needed to be done to obtain complete collections of their organic remains.
Page 306 - White, and the Alleghany, and other mountains of the United States. No other flora known to naturalists presents such a remarkable combination of peculiar features as this, and the only solution hitherto offered is not yet fully accepted.
Page 302 - ... investigations in all branches of physics in the proximity of the Pole, where so many of the forces of nature operate in an extreme degree — either of excess or defect — will surely be followed by the acquisition of knowledge which can only be obtained in those exceptional localities.

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