A World at Total War: Global Conflict and the Politics of Destruction, 1937-1945

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Cambridge University Press, 2005 - History - 392 pages
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This volume presents the results of a fifth and final conference on the history of total war. It is devoted to the Second World War, which many scholars regard as the paradigmatic instance of total war. In considering the validity of this proposition, the authors address a broad range of analytical problems that this vast conflict posed in its European and Asian theaters. They analyze modes of combat, war aims, the mobilization of economies and societies, occupation regimes, the vulnerability of noncombatants, and the legal and moral issues raised by the industrialized warfare of the mid-twentieth century.
 

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Contents

The Dimensions of War
7
Total War The Global Dimensions of Conflict
9
Total War The Conduct of War 19391945
23
The Ultimate Horror Reflections on Total War and Genocide
43
Combat
59
Germany and the Battle of the Atlantic
61
From Blitzkrieg to Total War Germanys War in Europe
79
Global Yet Not Total The U S War Effort and Its Consequences
99
The Home Front in Total War Women in Germany and Britain in the Second World War
197
Women in the Soviet War Effort 19411945
223
The Spirit of St Louis Mobilizing American Politics and Society 19311945
235
The War Against Noncombatants
249
Partisan War in Belomssia 19411944
251
Allied Bombing and the Destruction of German Cities
267
Hiroshima Nagasaki and Total War
287
Criminal War
305

Mobilizing Economies
125
The USSR and Total War Why Didnt the Soviet Economy Collapse in 1942?
127
Blood Sweat and Tears British Mobilization for World War II
147
The Impact of Compulsory Labor on German Society at War
167
Mobilizing Societies
177
Fantasy Reality and Modes of Perception in Ludendorffs and Goebbelss Concepts of Total War
179
Sexual Violence and Its Prosecution by Courts Martial of the Wehrmacht BIRGIT BECK
307
Japans War on China
323
On the Road to Total Retribution? The International Debate on the Punishment of War Crimes 18721945
345
Total War Some Concluding Reflections
365
Index
375
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About the author (2005)

Roger Chickering is Professor of History in the Center for German and European Studies, Georgetown University. He is an established scholar of modern Germany and is the author of Das Deutsche Reich und der Erste Weltkrieg (2002); Kar Lamprecht: A German Academic Life, 1856 1915 (1993); We Men Who Feel Most German: A Cultural Study of the Pan-German League, 1886 1914 (1984); and Imperial Germany and a World Without War: The Peace Movement and German Society 1892 1914 (1975).

Stig Forster is Professor of General Modern History at the University of Bern and has also taught at the University of Augsburg and held research fellowships at the German Historical Institutes in London and Washington D.C. His most recent publications include Der doppelte Militarismus. Die deutsche Heeresrustungspolitik zwischen Status-quo-Sicherung und Aggression, 1890 1913 (1985) and Die machtigen Diener der East India Company. Ursachen und Hintergrunde der britischen Expansionspolitik in Sudasien, 1793 1819 (1992).

Bernd Greiner leads the 'Theory and History of Violence' unit at the Hamburger Institut fur Sozialforschung and is Professor of History at the University of Hamburg. His publications include Die Morgenthau-Legende. Zur Geschichte eines umstrittenen Plans (1995) and, with Heinz Bude, Westbindungen. Amerik in der Bundesrepublik (1999).

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