A world on paper: studies on the second scientific revolution
In the first part of A World on PaperBellone establishes a unique historiographical framework and introduces the concept of the scientist's dictionary, that is, the assumptions and philosophical framework he or she brings to the study of any scientific problem. The main body of the book is then devoted to five original, interrelated essays portraying major episodes of the second scientific revolution. The topics include Kelvin's fight to maintain the experimental approach as the only valid tool of the physical scientist; Boltzmann's challenge, which argued that theory, rather than existing only as a convenient shorthand for recording the results of experimentation, plays an essential role in understanding reality; Ampere's dictionary, which, because it combined elements of mechanism with elements of abstraction, led him to grapple with the problems of electricity until the evidence of his mathematics had forced him to revise many of his mechanistic assumptions; further studies showing how the increasing use of mathematical abstraction affected the way physics was done throughout the latter 18th and 19th centuries; and a final comprehensive review of the great Boltzmann-Kelvin debate. The book concludes with notes and a bibliography, a chronology of physics in the second scientific revolution, and an index.
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abstract according algebra Ampere Ampere's analysis Andre-Marie Ampere answer atoms bodies Boltzmann calculus caloric caloric theory chaleur common sense complex concepts consequences correlations Coulomb deduction dictionary dynamics electric fluid electrodynamics empirical engine of discovery enunciated equations essay existence experimental fact force formulated Fourier fundamental Galileo Hamilton Helmholtz's Helmholtz's theorems Herschel hypothesis Ibid idea induction interactions Kelvin and Tait Kinetic Theory Laplace Laplace's laws logic magnetic mathematical physics matter Maxwell Maxwell's means mechanical explanation mechanical model mechanistic method methodological molecular molecules motion nature Newtonian nineteenth century Nollet objective knowledge observation Ostwald P. G. Tait particles philosophical physical sciences physical theory physicists Poisson principles problem Quaternions question rational reason relationship rules scientific revolution scientists second scientific revolution solution structure Tait's theoretical physics theory of heat thermal radiation thesis Thomson Lord Kelvin thought tion tonianism translation Treatise vortex-atom vortical wave theory William Rowan Hamilton
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De ontdekking van het weten: een andere geschiedenis van de wetenschap
No preview available - 2005