Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into Discovery and Explanation

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Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 16, 2006 - Philosophy - 239 pages
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Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into Discovery and Explanation is a much awaited original contribution to the study of abductive reasoning, providing logical foundations and a rich sample of pertinent applications. Divided into three parts on the conceptual framework, the logical foundations, and the applications, this monograph takes the reader for a comprehensive and erudite tour through the taxonomy of abductive reasoning, via the logical workings of abductive inference ending with applications pertinent to scientific explanation, empirical progress, pragmatism and belief revision.

 

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Contents

LOGICS OF GENERATION AND EVALUATION
3
A Legacy of the Greeks
4
3 Is There a Logic of Discovery? Contexts of Research
6
4 Karl Popper and Herbert Simon
12
5 Logics for Scientific Methodology A Place for logic in Scientific Methodology
21
6 Discussion and Conclusions
24
WHAT IS ABDUCTION?
26
2 What is Abduction?
28
5 Further Logical and Computational Issues
118
6 Discussion and Conclusions
129
APPLICATIONS
133
SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION
134
3 Discussion and Conclusions
146
EMPIRICAL PROGRESS
153
2 Kuipers Empirical Progress
156
3 Empirical Progress in Abductive Semantic Tableaux
160

CS Peirce
35
4 Philosophy of Science
37
5 Artificial Intelligence
39
6 Further Fields of Application
43
7 A Taxonomy for Abduction
46
LOGICAL FOUNDATIONS
51
ABDUCTION AS LOGICAL INFERENCE
53
The Problem of Demarcation
54
A Logical Inference
64
Structural Characterization
75
5 Discussion and Conclusions
89
ABDUCTION AS COMPUTATION
95
2 Semantic Tableaux
98
3 Abductive Semantic Tableaux
106
4 Computing Abductions with Tableaux
110
4 Discussion and Conclusions Success and Failure Characterizacion?
165
PRAGMATISM
167
2 Pragmatism
168
3 Abduction and Epistemology Abduction in Peirce
170
4 Pragmatism Revisited
174
5 Discussion and Conclusions
177
EPISTEMIC CHANGE
178
2 Abduction as Epistemic Change Theories of Belief revision in AI
180
3 Semantic Tableaux Revisited
186
4 Discussion and Conclusions Belief Revision in Explanation
197
References
203
Author Index
218
Topic Index
223
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