Abhidharmasamuccaya: The Compendium of the Higher Teaching
There are two systems of Abhidharma, according to Tibetan tradition, lower and higher. The lower system is taught in the Abhidharmakosa, while the higher system is taught in the Abhidharmasamuccaya. Thus the two books form a complementary pair.
Asanga, author of the Abhidharmasamuccaya, is founder of the Yogacara school of Mahayana Buddhism. His younger brother Vasubandhu wrote the Abhidharmakosa before Asanga converted him to Mahayana Buddhism. Yet the Kosa is written in verse, usual for Mahayana treatises, while the Samuccaya follows the traditional prose and answer style of the older Pali Abhidharma texts. Walpola Rahula, in preparing his 1971 French translation of this Mahayana text from the Sanskrit, Chinese, and Tibetan, has brought to bear on its many technical terms his extensive background and great expertise in the Pali canon.
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Abhidhamma acquired aggregates aim of abandoning arhat Asa∫ga attained åyatana birth bodhisattva Buddha Canon cessation also called characteristic comprehension conditioned conjunction consciousness counteractive craving deliverance detachment dharma dhåtu dhyåna disciples division according elements and spheres existence faculty false views feeling fetters five five aggregates four four great elements Four Noble Truths function consists grouping hatred and delusion hoti Hsüan-tsang idea impurities indriya investigated J. W. de Jong karma kle≈a knowables knowledge Ko≈a lakßaña Mahåyåna måna means ment mental cultivation mental objects mental organ mind and mental minor defilements nature nirodha Nirvåña Noble Eightfold Path one’s own-nature Påli Parinirvana perception person pertaining pleasant Pradhan pratyekabuddha qualities råga Rahula realm of desire realm of form reason samådhi Sanskrit saµskåra skandha sravaka suffering superknowledge Sütra tachment teaching things Tibetan version tion Truth understood unfavorable actions unpleasant unruliness caused Vaipulya Vasubandhu Vism wisdom wisdom—the rest