Abortion Clinics: Information on the Effectiveness of the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Face Act
The 1980s and early 1990s brought violence to abortion clinics across the country. In response, Congress passed the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances (FACE) Act of 1994 , which made it a federal offense to engage in violent or obstructive conduct intended to interfere with people seeking or providing reproductive health services. This report provides info. on (1) the occurrence of abortion clinic incidents before and after FACE; (2) views regarding FACE and its effectiveness from rep's. of these clinics, police depts., federal agencies, and national org's.; (3) efforts by local and federal law enforcement agencies following the enactment of FACE; and (4) court cases pertaining to FACE.
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1996 through March 36 U.S. Attorney Abortion Clinic Representatives abortion rights groups abortion-related violence Access to Clinic Amendment American Life League arson believed that face blockades bomb threat Clinic the Entrances Commerce Clause Congress court of appeals criminal describe Donl know enactment of face enforcement ever contacted FACE June 1992 face violations federal law enforcement federal law enforcement's Feminist Majority Foundation Freedom of Access held that face Interview Abortion Clinic law enforcement agencies law enforcement's response national abortion rights Operation Rescue overbroad passage of FACE past penalties permanent injunction physical obstruction picketing plaintiffs Police Department Representatives preliminary injunction prior to face prosecutions protestors providing reproductive health Questionnaire reported reproductive health services respondent told satisfied nor dissatisfied skip to question sklp statute statutory damages Summaries Supp task force three national abortion types of incidents U.S. Attorney offices U.S. Marshals Service United violated face violation of face violent or disruptive
Page 36 - (A) IN GENERAL.—If the Attorney General of a State has reasonable cause to believe that any person or group of persons is being, has been, or may be injured by conduct constituting a violation of this section, such Attorney General may commence a civil action in the name of such State, as
Page 34 - (1) by force or threat of force or by physical obstruction, intentionally injures, intimidates or interferes with or attempts to injure, intimidate or interfere with any person because that person is or has been, or in order to intimidate such person or any other person or any class of persons from, obtaining or providing reproductive health services;
Page 35 - (A) IN GENERAL.—If the Attorney General of the United States has reasonable cause to believe that any person or group of persons is being, has been, or may be injured by conduct constituting a violation of this section, the Attorney
Page 34 - (2) by force or threat of force or by physical obstruction, intentionally injures, intimidates or interferes with or attempts to injure, intimidate or interfere with any person lawfully exercising or seeking to exercise the First Amendment right of religious freedom at a place of religious worship; or
Page 37 - note. If any provision of this Act, an amendment made by this Act, or the application of such provision or amendment to any person or circumstance is held to be unconstitutional, the remainder of this Act, the amendments made by this Act, and the application of the provisions of such to any other person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby. SEC.
Page 37 - relating to the human reproductive system, including services relating to pregnancy or the termination of a pregnancy. "(6) STATE.—The term 'State' includes a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, and any commonwealth, territory, or possession of
Page 36 - First Amendment to the Constitution, occurring outside a facility^ regardless of the point of view expressed, or to limit any existing legal remedies for such interference; "(1) to prohibit any expressive conduct (including peaceful picketing or other peaceful demonstration) protected from legal prohibition by the First Amendment to the Constitution;
Page 98 - The defendant moved to dismiss the complaint on the grounds that it failed to state a claim upon which relief could be granted. The court held that
Page 35 - (b) PENALTIES.—Whoever violates this section shall— "(1) in the case of a first offense, be fined in accordance with this title, or imprisoned not more than one year,
Page 36 - (4) PHYSICAL OBSTRUCTION.—The term "physical obstruction' means rendering impassable ingress to or egress from a facility that provides reproductive health services or to or from a place of religious worship, or rendering passage to or from such a facility or place of religious worship unreasonably difficult or hazardous.