Absolute poverty measures for the developing world, 1981-2004
World Bank, Development Research Group, Poverty Team, 2007 - Social Science - 24 pages
The authors report new estimates of measures of absolute poverty for the developing world over 1981-2004. A clear trend decline in the percentage of people who are absolutely poor is evident, although with uneven progress across regions. They find more mixed success in reducing the total number of poor. Indeed, the developing world outside China has seen little or no sustained progress in reducing the number of poor, with rising poverty counts in some regions, notably Sub-Saharan Africa. There are encouraging signs of progress in reducing the incidence of poverty in all regions after 2000, although it is too early to say if this is a new trend.
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$1 a day $2 line 100 million 2007 T Tourougui 87431 T Tourougui absolute poverty April 2007 April capita Chen and Ravallion consumption or income cost-of-living day line developing countries developing world differences due to China East Asia estimates exponential growth global poverty measures headcount index household surveys international poverty lines Less China living between $1 living in urban living under $1 measuring poverty number of poor Policy Research population shift poverty rate relative PPP exchange rates progress in reducing Purchasing Power Parity rate of decline Ravallion and Chen reducing the number relative deprivation Research Working Paper rural areas rural line South Asia standard error Sub-Saharan Africa survey data Table urban and rural urban areas urban poor urban poverty line urban poverty rate urban poverty reduction Urban Rural Total urban share urban-rural breakdown urban-rural split urbanization of poverty World Bank World Bank's global world outside China