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THEORIES OF LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE
3 Cumminss and Swains Revised Model
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ability academic competence academic language academic strategies activities adjunct course American answer appropriate ask the students assignments audio-lingual method background knowledge basic CALP Ceyong chapter claim cognitive communicative competence content courses content material Cooperative Principle critical period critical period hypothesis culture Cummins dictionary discourse English ESL students ESL teachers exam example experiential realism freewriting George grade grammar hypothesis image schemas important institutional facts interaction language acquisition language proficiency language through content learners learning lecture linguistic competence listening mainstream Mixtec native speakers Nopadol note-taking objectivism Oller paper precourse professor questions Rainsford reading reason Saville-Troike scripts for school second language semantic semilingualism sentences sheltered course small groups social constructionism social constructionists sociolinguistic Spolsky Spolsky's structuralist structures subjects suggested syntactic take notes target language teaching tests textbook theme-based courses theory topic understand vocabulary words writing