Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines
Kjersti Fløttum, Trine Gedde-Dahl, Torodd Kinn
John Benjamins Publishing, Jan 1, 2006 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 309 pages
This book explores how the voices of authors and other researchers are manifested in academic discourse, and how the author handles the polyphonic interaction between these various parties. It represents a unique study of academic discourse in that it takes a doubly contrastive approach, focusing on the two factors of discipline and language at the same time. It is based on a large electronic corpus of 450 research articles from three disciplines (economics, linguistics and medicine) in three languages (English, French and Norwegian). The book investigates whether disciplines and languages may be said to represent different cultures with regard to person manifestation in the texts. What is being studied is thus cultural identities as tendencies in linguistic practices. For the majority of the features focused on (e.g. metatext and bibliographical references), the discipline factor turns out to contribute more strongly to the variation observed than the language factor. However, for some of the features (e.g. pronouns and negation), the language factor is also quite strong.
Additional background information on the investigations reported in this book can be found at www.uib.no/kiap/.
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2 Theoretical and methodological frameworks
3 Quantitative results
4 Presence of the author
5 Reader writer interaction
6 Presence of the others
Other editions - View all
1st p subj abstract academic discourse analysis analysis of variance argue arguer role author roles Bibl ref bibliographical references Bokmål constructions context cultural disciplinary discipline and language discourse community discussion economics and linguistics economics and medicine economics articles economists engecon engecon06 English and French English and Norwegian example explicit factor Fløttum focus frecon French and Norwegian French pronoun function genre Gjesdal hydrocephalus Hyland IMRAD included Indef subj indefinite pronouns indicate interaction interpretation investigation KIAP Corpus let us’-imperatives linguistics articles locutor manifestation mean rank medical articles metatext metonymic multi-author articles Norwegian linguistics Nynorsk occurrences person plural person pronouns perspective polyphonic present propose quantitative reader regards relative frequency relevant research articles researcher role rhetorical similar single-author articles subcorpus sublevel superlevel Swales Table tense textual three disciplines three languages tion Two-tailed test typically University of Bergen utterance variance writer role