Access Denied: Race, Ethnicity, and the Scientific Enterprise

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George Campbell Jr., Ronni Denes, Catherine Morrison
Oxford University Press, May 4, 2000 - Social Science - 352 pages
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Since the Civil Rights Era of the 1960s, minority groups have seen a tremendous amount of progress, but African Americans, Latinos, and American Indians still remain severely underrepresented in science, engineering, and mathematics. And although government, industry, and private philanthropies have supported more than 200 pre-college and college-level initiatives to increase the access and retention of minority students, the outcomes of these programs have not been well documented. This book from the National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering (NACME) presents definitive essays by leading research scholars, academics, and industry representatives on the participation of minorities in science, mathematics, and engineering. Its extensive coverage includes essays on current demographics, entering the education system, influences on minority participation, barriers to success, and preparation for academic careers. It is ideal for scholars, researchers, educators, and policymakers who study and strive to break the barriers of discrimination.
 

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Contents

United States Demographics
7
A Practitioners Perspective
42
Policy Issues
43
EARLY EDUCATION
47
Entering the Education Pipeline
49
Good Beginnings for the TwentyFirst Century
61
Early Childhood Science Programs
78
Obstacles to Policy Formation
84
Barriers to Minority Success in College Science Mathematics and Engineering Programs
193
The Role of State and Institutional Policies and Practices
207
What Next?
212
Priming the Pump or Lying in Ambush?
215
Rethinking the Model
219
Financing Opportunity for Postsecondary Education
221
EARLY CAREER PREPARATION Academia
237
How Well Are We Doing?
239

THE MIDDLE SCHOOL YEARS
87
Influences on Minority Participation in Mathematics Science and Engineering
89
Research
137
It Takes a Village to Raise a Scientist
140
The Policy Perspective
143
ADOLESCENCE ONWARD
149
The Transition to and from High School of Ethnic Minority Students
151
Explaining the Unrealized Aspirations of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
174
The College Preparation Process
187
Policy Matters
190
THE UNDERGRADUATE YEARS PLUS ONE
191
Enhancing the Research Base
269
The Next Stage
273
Policy Perspectives
274
EARLY CAREER PREPARATION Industry
279
Minority Scientists and Engineers in Industry
281
Why Are Minority and Women Scientists Still Treated So Badly?
295
Critical Issues
306
Policy
311
A Research and Policy Agenda
314
Index
325
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Page 10 - Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2000.
Page 20 - Newsweek, April 24, 1989, at 74. 15. Commission on Professionals in Science and Technology, Professional Women and Minorities: A Total Human Resource Data Compendium 142, Table 5-11 (1994). 16. Institute for Women's Policy and Research, The Wage Gap: Women's and Men's Earnings," (1995) (citing unpublished data of the US Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports).

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