Accessibility and Acceptability in Technical Manuals: A Survey of Style and Grammatical Metaphor
"Accessibility and Acceptability in Technical Manuals" is written for an audience with a general interest in readability studies, linguistics and technical writing. With the main emphasis on technical manuals the book is primarily targeted at those who have a special interest in the design and use of utility texts and how these texts are received and understood by a multifaceted audience. Accessibility is not a new research area and many explanations have been offered over the past years as to why non-experts often have difficulties in comprehending texts written by technological experts. This book offers a new approach to accessibility studies by exploring not only style, but also attitudes to style, by asking text consumers which style they prefer for different parts of the manual. A key role is played by the Systemic Functional Linguistics' notion of grammatical metaphor, a stylistic choice that is commonly used in technical literature. Grammatical metaphor although apparently obstructing the comprehension process of some readers is a common element in the preferred style that separates the insiders from the outsiders . An explanation of this rather surprising result is offered by resorting to Critical Discourse Analysis.
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Chapter 1 Research disciplines and methods
Chapter 2 Field Tenor and Mode dimensions
Chapter 3 Register analysis
Chapter 4 Categorizing text through genre analysis
Chapter 5 Research methods and survey
Chapter 6 Information structure
Chapter 7 The technical manual as social semiotic
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accessibility and acceptability ªeld analysis ªnd ªndings ªrm ªrst priority attitudes background Chafe changed text changed version Chapter combine harvester communicative purpose congruent context critical discourse analysis culture deªned di¹cult discourse community diŸerent Eggins ellipsis eŸect Functional Linguistics genre Grammatical Intricacy grammatical metaphor Halliday Halliday’s hypotactic hypothesis identiªable ideology imperative imperative mood in¶uence information structure interpretation language lexical density lexical items Martin meaning meaning-making metafunction modality nominal non-ªnite notion noun group occupational groups original text oŸer paradigmatic metaphor paratactic passive voice pattern possible preferred text Preferred versions questionnaire ranking clauses re¶ect reader relationship relative majority result semantic short sentence version social semiotics speciªcation STRAW WALKERS style stylistic syntagmatic and paradigmatic syntagmatic metaphor Systemic Functional Systemic Functional Grammar Table technical English instructors technical manuals text accessibility text choices text preferences text versions textural metaphor theory tion translators typical variables verbs writing