Accidental Injury: Biomechanics and Prevention

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Springer Science & Business Media, 2002 - Medical - 637 pages
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Writing on accidental injury often seems to occur from one of two perspectives. One perspective is that of those involved in aspects of injury diagnosis and treatment and the other is that of those in the engineering and biologic sciences who discuss mechanical principles and simulations. From our point of view, significant information problems exist at the interface: Persons in the business of diagnosis and treatment do not know how to access, use, and evaluate theoretical information that does not have obvious practical applica tions; persons on the theoretical side do not have enough real-life field data with which to identify problems or to evaluate solutions. The ideal system provides a constant two-way flow of data that permits continu ous problem identification and course correction. This book attempts to provide a state-of-the-art look at the applied biomechanics of accidental-injury causation and prevention. The authors are recognized autho rities in their specialized fields. It is hoped that this book will stimulate more applied research in the field of accidental-injury causation and prevention. Alan M. Nahum, M.D. John W Melvin, Ph.D.
 

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Contents

The Application of Biomechanics to the Understanding of Injury and Healing
1
Instrumentation in Experimental Design
12
The Use of Public Crash Data in Biomechanical Research
40
Anthropomorphic Test Devices
72
Injury Risk Assessments Based on Dummy Responses
89
Radiologic Analysis of Trauma
103
A Review of Mathematical Occupant Simulation Models
121
Occupant Restraint Systems
187
BrainInjury Biomechanics
277
Biomechanics of Head Trauma Head Protection
303
Biomechanical Aspects of Cervical Trauma
324
Biomechanics of Thoracic Trauma
374
Biomechanics of Abdominal Trauma
405
Injury to the Thoracolumbar Spine and Pelvis
454
Injury to the Extremities
491
Child Passenger Protection
523

Airbag InflationInduced Injury Biomechanics
198
Biomechanics of Bone
206
Biomechanics of Soft Tissue
228
Skull and Facial Bone Trauma
254
Pediatric Biomechanics
550
Vehicle Interactions with Pedestrians
588
Index
619
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About the author (2002)

Nahum, University of California Medical Center, San Diego, CA.

Melvin, General Motors Research and Development Center, Warren, MI

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