Account for differences in the development of physical education in Britain and Germany in the nineteenth century
Essay from the year 2004 in the subject Sport - Sport History, grade: 1,2, University of Aberdeen (Department of Cultural History), course: Sport History, 17 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: ...Comparing the physical educational concepts of Germany and Britain, this paper examines the development of physical culture in the nineteenth century. The compatibility of ROUSSEAU’s quotation to both notions assumes that there might be a common ground for each physical education approach. Enormous social, economical and political development affected whole Europe according to the Enlightment and influenced the physical culture – but in different nations to a different extent. Hence, I focus on the differences in the development of physical education...
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According to MANGAN anarchic conduct asceticism athleticism attitude boys Britain British sport Charles KINGSLEY Club development of physical development of sport development of Turnvereine educate Christian gentlemen educational curriculum Edward Lynch Cotton elite education elite schools encourage establishing discipline ethic of Muscular form of physical games and physical gender George Edward Lynch German Turnen Gertrud Pfister Geschichte der Leibeserziehung gymnastic headmaster Hence Herbert SPENCER ideals ideology implementation JAHN JAHN’s Krüger ibid liberal MANGAN notes manliness Martti Muukkonen MAßMANN’s Max WEBER Michael Krüger military drill modern sport Moreover Münster Muscular Christianity nineteenth century Norbert Elias order and discipline PFISTER notes physical culture physical education concepts physical exercises physicaleducation in Germany public schools pupils quoted in Martti regarded revolution in 1848 rival of Turnen ROUSSEAU’s Rugby schools in particular Sophia Anne Cotton Spencer SPENCER’s phrase SPIEß Sport and physicaleducation Swedish gymnastic Turnen und British Turner movement Turnfest Turnplätze Victorian Era worker’s