Accounting for the Educational Shortfalls of Mothers
This Note, a reprint of an article that originally appeared in the Journal of Marriage and the Family in February 1986, examines how marriage and parenthood occurring soon after high school affect postsecondary educational pursuits. Young women who form families differ markedly from other teenagers. As high school seniors, the soon-to-be wives and mothers rank low among their classmates on academic aptitude, scholastic performance, and socioeconomic status. Subsequent educational shortfalls are due as much to these preexisting differences as to whatever burdens family formation may impose. Allowing for these differences, the authors find that, while both marriage and parenthood adversely affect postsecondary educational attainments, on average the effects of marriage are more pronounced than those associated with parenthood.
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adjusted differences Adjusted mean Adolescent analysis of covariance ATTAINMENT 52 MONTHS average effects background differences base-year survey became mothers became parents Blaschke Bumpass Card and Wise Child Health childbearing comparison group control group early family formation early marriage early parenthood educa EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT 52 educational pursuits educational shortfalls effects of early effects of marriage entry into parenthood ever-married father's occupation Haggstrom Health and Human high school seniors Hofferth hood Human Development indicator variables Institute of Child Kanouse Kristin late-teen parents late-teenage Linda marital status marriage and parenthood married nonparents married parents married women MONTHS AFTER HlCH Moore multivariate analysis National Institute NLS data NLS provides outcome measures parenthood effect parenthood status pattern Percentile rank postsecondary educational attainment preexisting differences Rand Corporation Rindfuss Santa Monica single nonparents socioeconomic status Standard Deviation survey waves teenage mothers three follow-up surveys tions unadjusted Urban Institute vector William Lisowski women who form young women