Achievement and Motivation: A Social-Developmental Perspective

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Ann K. Boggiano, Thane S. Pittman, Carolyn Shantz
Cambridge University Press, 1992 - Education - 291 pages
The basic theme of this book concerns the relations between motivation and achievement, particularly as they relate to educational settings. The issues are addressed from a social-developmental perspective. The book is organized into three sections. The development of intrinsic and extrinsic motivational orientations is addressed in the first section, where contributors offer their latest account of the distinction between the two orientations, emphasizing how the two motivational systems develop. The effects of motivational orientations on interpersonal interaction and on creativity are addressed in the two subsequent chapters. The second section focuses on the relation between motivation and the experience of competence. Three chapters address the development of competence, affect, and motivation from grade school to junior high; the effects of competence information on intrinsic motivation; and the development of competence assessment processes. In the third section the relation between motivation and achievement is explored. Two chapters discuss the effect of extrinsic pressures on self-regulation, and on the relations among intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, performance, motivational style and learned helplessness. Finally, the concepts of optimal degrees of pressure and performance, and of defensive behavior in the form of self-handicapping, are discussed in the last two chapters. A final summary chapter provides an overview of the basic themes of the book.
 

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Contents

Intrinsic motivation
7
The motivation for creativity in children
54
Competence and motivation
75
Developmental changes in competence assessment
138
Motivation and achievement
165
the role
189
an optimal
215
Selfhandicapping and achievement
244
Divergent approaches to the study of motivation
268
Name index
275
Subject index
281
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About the author (1992)

Eleanor Emmons Maccoby was born Viva Emmons in Tacoma, Washington on May 15, 1917. She received a bachelor's degree from the University of Washington and master's and doctorate degrees in experimental psychology from the University of Michigan. She taught and did research at Harvard University from 1950 to 1957. She taught at Stanford University from 1958 until her mandatory retirement at the age of 70 in 1987. She was the first woman to head the psychology department from 1973 to 1976. She conducted research in child development and gender studies. She wrote or co-wrote several books including Patterns of Child Rearing written with Robert Sears, The Psychology of Sex Differences written with Carol Nagy Jacklin, and The Two Sexes: Growing Up Apart, Coming Together. She died from pneumonia on December 11, 2018 at the age of 101.

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