Achieving Traffic Safety Goals in the United States: Lessons from Other Nations
Transportation Research Board, 2011 - Motor vehicle driving - 246 pages
"The United States is missing significant opportunities to reduce traffic fatalities and injuries. The experiences of other high-income nations and of the U.S. states with the best improvement records indicate the benefits from more rigorous safety programs. Most high-income countries are reducing traffic fatalities and fatality rates (per kilometer of travel) faster than is the United States, and several countries that experienced higher fatality rates 20 years ago now are below the U.S. rate. From 1995 to 2009, annual traffic fatalities declined by 52 percent in France, 39 percent in the United Kingdom, 25 percent in Australia, and 50 percent in total in 15 high-income countries (excluding the United States) for which long-term fatality and traffic data are available, but by only 19 percent in the United States. Some U.S. states have fatality rates comparable to those of the countries with the safest roads; however, no state matches the typical speed of improvement in safety in other countries. The experience of these benchmark nations indicates that the successful national programs function effectively at three levels of activity: management and planning; technical implementation of specific countermeasures; and political support and leadership. Among these three areas, the most critical needs for action in the United States today may be in management and planning. Improved management will ensure that the available resources are used to greatest effect and, over time, will foster political and public support by demonstrating that reduction in fatalities and crashes is an attainable goal. The benchmark nations' experience indicates that systematic, results-oriented management can produce safety progress with the tool kit of countermeasures that is available to the responsible agencies.
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World and U S Safety Trends
National Safety Programs in Benchmark Countries
Examples of National Safety Programs
Nationally Organized Safety Management Reform
Case Studies of Safety Interventions
Conclusions and Recommendations
Study Committee Biographical Information
AASHTO agencies alcohol-impaired driving alcohol-related annual Australia automated enforcement BAC limit benchmark countries benchmark nations campaigns casualty committee countermeasures decline demonstration Department of Transportation driver behavior drunk driving effective enact evaluation factors fatal crashes fatality rates federal highway Federal Highway Administration FHWA France frequency funding goals guidelines Hedlund helmet laws high-income countries Highway Safety Plan Highway Traffic Safety impaired driving implementation increased infrastructure International Transport Forum license measures ment monitoring motorcycle helmet National Highway Traffic NHTSA occupants OECD and International ONISR PA Consulting Group pedestrians percent percentage police political risk road design Road Safety safety improvement safety management safety policies seat belt SHSP sobriety checkpoints speed cameras speed control speed enforcement speed limit speed management state’s Strategic Highway Safety Sweden targets traffic fatalities traffic safety Traffic Safety Administration traffic safety programs Transportation Research trends United Kingdom USDOT