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American English Phonemes
Speech and Sound
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acoustic affricate allophone alveolar stop American English amplitude articulatory aspiration back vowels burst cavity central vowels closure region clusters coarticulation consonants constriction context dark dental dialects diphthong discussed distinct duration energy example F2 and F3 F2 moves F2 value Figure Fl and F2 following vowel formant configuration formant motion formant structure formant values frication fricative region front vowels glide glottal stop harmonics high frequency interaction intervocalic juncture labiodental lips liquids low F2 low frequency mid vowels noise obstruents occurs oral palato-alveolar phonemes place of articulation position preceding produced resonance retroflex segment sequence similar sine waves speaker spectral spectrogram shows spectrum speech signal stop closure stop consonants syllable target Transitions of vowels unaspirated unstressed value of F2 variation velar nasal velar pinch velic vibration visible vocal cords vocal tract voiced and voiceless voiced fricatives voiced stops voiceless fricatives voiceless stops vowel region waveform plot word boundaries