Action to Language via the Mirror Neuron System
Michael A. Arbib
Cambridge University Press, Sep 7, 2006 - Medical
Mirror neurons may hold the brain's key to social interaction - each coding not only a particular action or emotion but also the recognition of that action or emotion in others. The Mirror System Hypothesis adds an evolutionary arrow to the story - from the mirror system for hand actions, shared with monkeys and chimpanzees, to the uniquely human mirror system for language. In this accessible volume, experts from child development, computer science, linguistics, neuroscience, primatology and robotics present and analyse the mirror system and show how studies of action and language can illuminate each other. Topics discussed in the fifteen chapters include: what do chimpanzees and humans have in common? Does the human capability for language rest on brain mechanisms shared with other animals? How do human infants acquire language? What can be learned from imaging the human brain? How are sign- and spoken-language related? Will robots learn to act and speak like humans?
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Language evidence for changes in a Theory of Mind
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Development of action and language 395
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ability activation affordances analysis apes Arbib argument structure constructions attention auditory behavior bonobos Broca’s area Cambridge caregiver cell assembly child chimpanzees Cogn cognitive communication complex computational concepts constraints constructions coordination cortex cortical cultural deﬁned developmental dorsal dorsal streams dynamic encoded evolution example ﬁnd ﬁnger ﬁre ﬁrst function Gallese gestures goal grammar grasp Greenﬁeld hand human hypothesis ILGM imitation infants input interaction Kanzi learning lexigram linguistic macaque manual mechanisms mirror neuron system mirror system monkey motor movement nesting cups neural Neurosci object observed ontogeny Oztop pantomime parietal patterns phonological prefrontal cortex premotor premotor cortex primates production protolanguage protosign recognition reﬂect regions relevant representation Rizzolatti robot role saliency scene schemas semantic sensory sentence sequence seriated sign language speciﬁc speech perception structure symbolic syntactic task Theory of Mind Tomasello trajectory understanding University Press ventral streams verbs visual vocal words
Page 10 - relevant to the control of hand movements and is reciprocally connected with the so-called canonical neurons of F5. Discharge in most grasp-related F5 neurons correlates with an action rather than with the individual movements that form it so that one may relate F5 neurons to various motor