Active Labour Market Policies Around the World: Coping with the Consequences of Globalization

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International Labour Organization, 2005 - Business & Economics - 87 pages
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Active labor market policies (ALMPs) are found in almost all countries of the world but differ in amplitude, design, and implementation. Comprising an array of measures, ALMPs can take the form of special support for job searching, training and education for the unemployed, and various other subsidies and job creation activities. While providing a valuable overview of the nature of these policies, this book examines some of the pitfalls and challenges countries face when evaluating them. It also provides a policy framework for designing ALMPs that are permanent yet adaptable instruments to cope with changes linked to globalization. Contents Introduction Historical background of ALMPs Definition and functions of ALMPs Contribution of ALMPs to the objectives of employment creation, security in change, equity and poverty reduction Differences in the utilization of ALMPs: Developed, transition and developing countries Evaluation of ALMPs New trends in ALMPs Conclusions: A framework for the management of change Bibliography

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
New trends in ALMPs 73
4
The historical background of ALMPs
7
developed countries
12
developing countries
13
The contribution of ALMPs to the objectives of employment
15
Expenditure on LMPs and unemployment rates in the EU 198599
20
Public expenditure on LMPs as a percentage of GDP in selected OECD countries 2001
21
Expenditure on LMPs in selected transition countries 1998
22
Participant inflows in LMPs as a percentage of the labour force in selected OECD countries 2001
24
Participation in LMPs in selected transition countries 1998
25
Overview of importance and characteristics of the specific ALMP measures in different regions of the world
50
Problems and possible solutions
53
Evaluation of ALMPs
59
Evaluation results for ALMPs
67
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About the author (2005)

Peter Auer is chief of employment analysis and research in the Employment Strategy Department of the ILO. Ümit Efendioðlu, a former research economist at the Employment Analysis and Research Unit, is now with the International Policy Group of the Policy Integration Department of the ILO. Janine Leschke is research fellow at the European Trade Union Institute for Research, Education and Health and Safety, Brussels.

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