Acts of Occupation: Canada and Arctic Sovereignty, 1918-25
"As climate change threatens to open the Northwest Passage to ice-free travel, Canada's sovereignty over the Arctic has become more important to the Canadian government, military, and economy - and more contested by other nations. Although Canada's claim to the Arctic archipelago is now firmly entrenched in the minds of most Canadians, less than a century ago, ownership of the Arctic was much less assured. Acts of Occupation pieces together the engrossing story of how the self-serving ambition of explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson ultimately led Canada to craft and defend a decisive policy on its claims to the Arctic. Drawing on a wealth of previously untapped archival sources, including the private papers of explorers Shackleton, Rasmussen, and Stefansson, historians Janice Cavell and Jeff Noakes show how unfounded paranoia about Danish designs on the north, fueled by Stefansson's deliberate dissembling of his own motives and by the fears of civil servant James Harkin, was the catalyst for Canada's active administrative occupation of the Arctic."--Pub. desc.
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The Danish Threat
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Rasmussen in London
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American April archipelago Archives Arctic Expedition Arctic Islands August Baffin Island Belle Anderson Bernier Board Borden British Camsell Canada Canadian Arctic Canadian government Canadian sovereignty Christie Craig Crawford Danes Danish Denmark Department Desbarats diary Eastern Arctic Ellesmere Island Eskimos established expedition’s explorer External Affairs February Foreign Office Friendly Arctic government’s Greenland Griffith Harkin to Cory Hudson’s Bay Company ibid informed Interior International Law Inughuit Inuit June Karluk King’s Knud Rasmussen land later lecture letter London Loring Christie Lougheed Mackenzie King MacMillan March matter Meighen memo ment muskox muskoxen National Noice North Northwest Territories November occupation October official Ottawa papers patrols Peary plans Polar police posts Pond Inlet Pope Press prime minister reply Richard Finnie RMA/MBAA Rudolph Anderson sector sent September Shackleton ship Skelton Smith Sound Starnes Stef Stefans Stewart Sverdrup Sverdrup Islands tion Toronto Vilhjalmur Stefansson voyage White Wrangel Island