Adaptive Mechanisms in the Ecology of Vision

Front Cover
S. Archer
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 31, 1999 - Medical - 668 pages
2 Reviews
John Lythgoe was one of the pioneers of the 'Ecology of Vision', a subject that he ably delineated in his classic and inspirational book published some 20 years ago [1]. At heart, the original book aimed generally to identify inter-relationships between vision, animal behaviour and the environment. John Lythgoe excelled at identifying the interesting 'questions' in the ecology of an animal that fitted the 'answers' presented by an analysis of the visual system. Over the last twenty years, however, since Lythgoe's landmark publication, much progress has been made and the field has broadened considerably. In particular, our understanding of the 'adaptive mechanisms' underlying the ecology of vision has reached considerable depths, extending to the molecular dimension, partly as a result of development and application of new techniques. This complements the advances made in parallel in clinically oriented vision research [2]. The current book endeavours to review the progress made in the ecology of vision field by bringing together many of the major researchers presently active in the expanded subject area. The contents deal with theoretical and physical considerations of light and photoreception, present examples of visual system structure and function, and delve into aspects of visual behaviour and communi cation. Throughout the book, we have tried to emphasise one of the major themes to emerge within the ecology of vision: the high degree of adaptability that visual mechanisms are capable of undergoing in response to diverse, and dynamic, environments and behaviours.
 

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Contents

Light and photoreception Physical principles
3
Light and photoreception Visual pigments and photoreception
25
Biophysical Adaptations
43
Introduction
45
Compound eye structure Matching eye to environment
51
Vertebrate optical structure
73
A review of vertebrate and invertebrate ocular filters
95
Vertebrate photoreceptors
163
Inner retinal signal processing adaptation to environmental light
383
Ecological aspects of vertebrate visual ontogeny
413
Molecular biology of photoreceptor spectral sensitivity
439
Behaviour and Communication
463
Introduction
465
Visual systems behaviour and environment in cephalopods
467
Optical structure and visual fields in birds their relationship with foraging behaviour and ecology
485
Behavioural ecology and retinal cell topography
509

The extraretinal photoreceptors of nonmammalian vertebrates
197
The regulation of vertebrate biological clocks by light
223
Biochemical and Physiological Adaptations
245
Introduction
247
Adaptation of visual pigments to the aquatic environment
251
Visual adaptations in crustaceans Spectral sensitivity in diverse habitats
285
Functional organization of the outer retina in aquatic and terrestrial vertebrates comparative aspects and possible significance to the ecology of vision
329
Flower advertisement for insects Bees a case study
537
18 Bioluminescence
555
The behavior of animals around twilight with emphasis on coral reef communities
583
Vision and behavior in primates
629
Index
651
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Page 649 - Mutations in S-cone pigment genes and the absence of colour vision in two species of nocturnal primate.
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About the author (1999)

International Marine Centre, Oristano, Italy.

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