Adding the most significant chord to the song: The role of the disease paradox and the health dilemma in the rehabilitation process

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GRIN Verlag, Jan 18, 2011 - Psychology - 24 pages
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Scientific Study from the year 2010 in the subject Psychology - Clinic and Health Psychology, Abnormal Psychology, grade: keine, University of Vienna, language: English, abstract: Summary. Background: This article provides an overview of studies in which assessments of specific functional capacity, made by experts on the one hand (objective) and by patients on the other (subjective) were compared in various patient groups. In essence, these data reveal marginal or insignificant associations. Methods: Based on these considerations, a theoretical differential-diagnosis model of objective findings/subjective state of health is presented. By dichotomization of specific functional capacity at these two levels, the model permits the classification of a patient cohort into four sub-groups: Patients with concurrence between subjective and objective assessments are referred to as “the fortunate” while those with a negative concurrence are termed “the unfortunate”. In case of discrepancies between these two levels, for instance when patients’ subjective assessment was good although their condition was obviously poor, they are considered to be in a so-called “disease paradox”. Alternatively, patients whose subjective assessment of their condition was poor although the objective findings were positive, were considered to be in a so-called “health dilemma”. Results: The study in a sample of patients who had received an artificial hip joint for mobility disorders revealed striking differences in health-related quality of life (HrQol). Comparisons of HrQoL data pre- and post-operatively in the whole sample demonstrated an improvement in five of six dimensions (loss of energy, pain, emotional reaction, sleeping problems, and problems in physical mobility, p
 

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