Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics
Patricia Cabredo Hoffher, Ora Matushansky
John Benjamins Publishing, 2010 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 331 pages
Adjectives are comparatively less well studied than the lexical categories of nouns and verbs. The present volume brings together studies in the syntax and semantics of adjectives. Four of the contributions investigate the syntax of adjectives in a variety of languages (English, French, Mandarin Chinese, Modern Hebrew, Russian, Spanish, and Serbocroatian). The theoretical issues explored include: the syntax of attributive and predicative adjectives, the syntax of nominalized adjectives and the identification of adjectives as a distinct lexical category in Mandarin Chinese. A further four contributions examine different aspects in the semantics of adjectives in English, French, and Spanish, dealing with superlatives, comparatives, and aspect in adjectives. This volume will be of interest to researchers and students in syntax, formal semantics, and language typology.
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absolute reading Adj-pro adjectival adjectives of emotional adjunct adverbs afP〈i afPi analysis argument assertion attributive adjectives c-commanding chanceux lucky Chinese Cinque clausal complements climbed comparative reading comparisons of similarity constituent constructions context set contrast copula de-less modification structure degree denote discourse distinction dynamic verbs effective adjectives ellipsis English example fact factive Farkas & Kiss FocusP French function head noun Hebrew Heim identificational focus indefinite infinitival complements inflection interpretation Jean John languages lative lexical licensed Linguistics long adjectives Mandarin Chinese Marie modifiers morphological mountain negative negative polarity items Noms(A non-modal infinitival relatives noun phrase null NumP overt predicate LF predicate nominal predicative adjectives presupposition pronominal pronoun proposed propositional quantifier reduplication relative clause relevant restricted Romance languages scalar comparisons Section semantic sentence similarity and difference small clause specific stative verbs subjunctive superlative description superlative operator syntactic syntax Szabolcsi theta role tives verbs