Adjustment and Social Sector Restructuring
European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
Psychology Press, 1995 - Social Science - 147 pages
Social policy in developing countries has been substantially affected in recent years by economic crisis and structural adjustment, and perhaps more importantly, by the ascendance of neo-liberal ideology.
By the late 1980s, the adverse effects of adjustment had become clear, and the resulting political opposition led many governments and their external supporters to design programmes meant to 'mitigate the social costs' of adjustment. The most visible of these are the 'social fund' or 'safety net' measures intended not only to address the social impacts of adjustment, but also to improve their social and political acceptability. In addition, they are seen by some as providing a model for new, more efficient and effective means of providing social service. This volume examines the goals, assumptions, impacts and possible long-term outcomes of social policy trends in developing countries.
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Assessment GuyC Z Mhone
Accra adjustment programme agencies agriculture approach behaviour beneficiaries benefits cent competition context contracting costs of adjustment decentralisation developing countries disbursed donors economic effects efficiency employment ESAP ESIFs finance formal sector framework Gayi gender Government of Zimbabwe Grosh gross domestic product Guhan Harare Honduras households ibid impact implementation income increased India infrastructure institutions interventions labour Mhone microenterprise ministries needs neo-liberal NGOs Nicaragua non-profit objectives OECD organisations PAMSCAD participation political poor and vulnerable poorest population poverty alleviation priorities private sector problems projects PRONASOL protective social security public interest sector public management reform public sector reduce regional rural safety net programmes safety net schemes SDA programme sector reform service provisioning social costs social fund social policy social provisioning social security social services social welfare structural adjustment Tamil Nadu UNCTAD UNDP UNICEF UNRISD urban vulnerable groups women World Bank