Administrative Ethics and Development Administration

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University Press of America, 2001 - Education - 192 pages
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Most critical issues of government and public administration involve ethical dilemmas. Policy decisions by bureaucrats in both the industrialized countries and the developing ones are often made in the context of conflicting ethical and moral issues. Administrative ethics is a system of rules enforced by such administrative sanctions as demotion and firing, as opposed to rules enforced by such civil or criminal sanctions as monetary penalties or imprisonment. This book illustrates how the weakness of public-sector institutions in developing countries has deprived these nations of the capability to perform these functions and how sound administrative ethics can strengthen these institutions. Administrative Ethics and Development establishes a clear and vital connection between administrative ethics, successful modern economies, and good democratic governments in both the industrialized and the developing countries.
 

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Contents

MICROBUREAUCRACIES AND DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION
3
MICROBUREAUCRACIES
4
Administrative MicroBureaucracies
5
TENSIONS IN POLITICAL MICROBUREAUCRACIES
6
Political Competition
7
The Large Size of the Bureaucracy
8
TENSIONS IN ADMINISTRATIVE MICROBUREAUCRACIES
9
Disparity Between Bureaucratic Goals or Ideals and Existing Conditions
10
PROVISION OF A MINIMAL PUBLIC SERVICE STATUTE
93
PEACEFUL MEANS FOR RESOLVING CONFLICTS
94
ORDERLY PUBLICLY ACCEPTED MEANS OF TRANSFER OF POWER
95
AN EQUITABLE TAX SYSTEM
96
DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH DEGREE OF CONSENSUS
97
PROGRESSIVE INCREASE IN THE FLOW OF DOMESTIC CAPITAL
98
HONEST AND EFFECTIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
99
CONCLUSIONS
100

Strict Adherence to Traditional Values
11
Varying Degrees of Formal Education
12
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR RESEARCH
13
THE STRUGGLE OF SMALL AND ISLAND STATES BUREAUCRACIES TO DEVELOP TRADITIONAL ETHICAL VALUES
17
THE BUREAUCRACIES OF SMALL AND ISLAND STATES
19
THE STRUGGLE OF THE BUREAUCRACIES TO DEVELOP ADMINISTRATIVE ETHICS
21
THE FUTURE OF ADMINISTRATIVE ETHICS IN THE SMALL AND ISLAND STATES
25
CONFLICTS BETWEEN THE BUREAUCRACY AND ITS CLIENTELE A COMPARATIVE APPROACH TO ADMINISTRATIVE ETHICS
35
In Developing Countries
39
THE ADMINISTRATIVE ETHICS PRESCRIPTION
43
A SUMMINGUP
50
ETHICS AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE NONWESTERN WORLD
51
RISKS AND CONFLICTS IN CENTRALIZED STATE INTERVENTION IN DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS
53
THE APPLICATION OF MAX WEBERS MODEL IN NONWESTERN PUBLIC BUREAUCRACIES
59
PROBLEMS OF PUBLIC POLICY FORMULATION
60
ADMINISTRATIVE PREREQUISITES TO EFFECTIVENESS OF INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE
61
AMBIVALENCE CONCERNING DECENTRALIZATION
63
DISTORTION OF THE WEBERIAN MODEL
67
ETHICS AND DEVELOPMENT IN LATIN AMERICA
71
LATIN AMERICAN ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS AND THEIR ADMINISTRATIVE LEGACIES
73
UNORGANIZED AND INEFFICIENT BUREAUCRACY
74
The Mayas
75
INADEQUATE AND UNFAIR TAX COLLECTION SYSTEM
77
The Mayas
78
NUGATORY AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES
79
The Mayas
80
The Incas
81
A WARPED JUDICIAL ORDER
82
The Mayas
83
A POOR EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
84
The Mayas
85
ADMINISTRATIVE LEGACIES
86
A MODEL FOR PLANNING ETHICAL TRAINING ABROAD THE CASE OF GUATEMALA AND MEXICO
89
CONSISTENT LAW AND ORDER
91
FINANCIAL STABILITY AND THE ABSENCE OF SEVERE INFLATION
92
ETHICS AND DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA
103
ADMINISTRATIVE ACCOUNTABILITY IN AFRICA
105
ADMINISTRATIVE ACCOUNTABILITY
107
ACCOUNTABILITY IN AFRICA
108
CONCLUSIONS
111
THE PROBLEMS WITH ADMINISTRATIVE REFORM IN A MINISTATE THE CASE OF SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE
113
THE SOCIOECONOMICS SETTING
115
THE OBJECTIVES OF THE REFORM PROJECT
118
Project Strategy
119
OBSTACLES TO REFORM IN STP
123
ETHICS AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNITED STATES
127
THE IMPACT OF NEW IMMIGRANTS NEEDS ON SOUTH FLORIDA PUBLIC SERVICE
129
IMMIGRANTS IN SOUTH FLORIDA
130
The Cubans
131
The Haitians
133
The Nicaraguans
134
THEIR IMPACT ON PUBLIC SERVICE
135
Housing
136
Public Health
137
Education
138
Law Enforcement
139
LESSONS LEARNED AND SOME SOLUTIONS
140
Neighborhood City Halls
141
An Hispanic Round Table
143
CONCLUSIONS
144
ETHICAL ISSUES IN THE USE OF THE INTERNET
147
CRYPTOGRAPHY
148
ADVERTISING ON THE INTERNET
151
ETHICAL ISSUES AND DIFFICULTIES REGULATING THE INTERNET
155
BIBLIOGRAPHY
159
SUBJECT INDEX
173
AUTHOR INDEX
187
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
191
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About the author (2001)

Jean-Claude Garcia-Zamor is Professor of Public Administration, Florida International University.

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