Admission to the United Nations: Charter Article 4 and the Rise of Universal Organization
The United Nations began as an alliance during World War II. Eventually, however, the UN came to approximate a universal organization - i.e., open to and aspiring to include all States. This presents a legal question, for Article 4 of the Charter contains substantive criteria to limit admission of States to the UN and no formal amendment has touched that part of the Charter. This book gives an up-to-date account of admission to the UN, from the 1950s logjam through on-going controversies like Kosovo and Taiwan. With reference to Charter law, the book considers how Article 4 came to accommodate universality and what the future of a universal organization in a world of politically diverse States might be.
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admitted adopted Advisory Opinion aﬃrmative Agreement Albania amendment Annex application for admission Argentina Article 4(1 Assembly Bosnia Bosnia and Herzegovina concerning consideration constitutive instrument Convention credentials criteria for admission criteria of Article decision deﬁne deﬁnition diﬀerent diﬃcult draft eﬀect entities established exist Federal Republic ﬁrst ﬁve fulﬁl GAOR 10th sess ibid ICJ Pldgs ICJ Rep ILC Ybk independence international community International Court international law international organizations interpretation jurisdiction Kosovo Macedonia matter Mauritania Mongolia objection obligations paciﬁc participation peace-loving plen mtg political position practice principle procedure provisions question recommendation referred reﬂected relations relevant Republic of Macedonia resolution respect Rosenne rules SC res SCOR 10th yr Secretary-General Security Council Sept SFRY signiﬁcant sovereign equality Soviet Soviet Union speciﬁc statehood statement status substantive criteria Taiwan territory tion treaty UN Charter United Kingdom United Nations United Nations Charter universal admission universal membership USSR veto vote Yugoslavia