Adobe Conservation: A Preservation Handbook

Front Cover
Sunstone Press, 2006 - Architecture - 222 pages
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This richly illustrated guide is acknowledged as the best source for expert, field-tested information on the care and maintenance of historic adobe buildings--from small vernacular structures to the great Spanish Colonial missions. As a true "how-to" manual, it presents a user-friendly and straightforward approach to the assessment, maintenance, preservation and restoration of earthen buildings based on time-tested techniques. Subjects include: architectural styles and materials; tools and equipment; materials and supplies; emergency shoring; moisture testing in adobe walls; material selection, mixing and testing; making adobe bricks; repairing and rebuilding adobe walls; repairing cracks in adobe walls; mud and lime plastering; earthen and lime finishes; removing contra paredes; repairing corbels; inspecting vigas and corbels; splicing vigas; compliance with State and Federal cultural resource protection legislation; glossary of terms; and bibliography. Cornerstones Community Partnerships in Santa Fe, New Mexico is devoted to the preservation of the architectural heritage and community traditions in New Mexico and the American Southwest. Through its nationally honored technical assistance, applied learning and traditional building skills programs, Cornerstones has assisted more than 300 rural Hispanic and Native American communities with the preservation of historic and culturally significant earthen buildings. Cornerstones has developed and utilized the techniques in this book throughout the American Southwest since 1986.
 

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Contents

Preface
9
Acknowledgments 13 Introduction
13
PART ONE TERMINOLOGY AND TOOLS
17
Architectural Style and Materials
19
Architectural Terminology
29
Tools Equipment Materials and Supplies
39
Archaeological Sites and Burial Grounds
45
Safety on the
47
Repairing Erosion and Structural Cracks in Adobe Walls I I I Reconstructing Adobe Walls
107
Lintel Repair Replacement and Installation
117
Mud Plastering
127
Lime Plastering
133
Earthen and Lime Finishes
143
Repairing Removing and Installing Wood Floors
149
Installing Earthen Floors
155
Inspecting Vigas and Corbels
159

PART TWO ALL ABOUT ADOBE
49
Interpreting Sources Processes and Effects of Deterioration
51
Emergency Shoring
57
Moisture Testing in Adobe Walls
63
Monitoring Cracks in Adobe VCalls
67
Adobe Material Selection Mixing and Testing
71
Making Adobe Bricks
77
Installing a Subsurface Drainage System
85
Removing Cement Plaster
91
Removing a Concrete Contra Pared
95
Repairing and Restoring Adobe Walls
99
Basal Repairs and Stabilization
101
Repairing Vigas and Corbels
165
Cleaning the Attic
175
Earthen Roofs
179
Extending the Eaves
191
Metal Roofs
195
Installing Wood Shingles and Shakes
203
Appendix
209
About Cornerstones Community Partnerships
214
Glossary
215
Bibliography
219
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