Adoption and Assisted Reproduction

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Child Welfare League of America, 2001 - Family & Relationships - 97 pages
The controversies in adoption have extended across a spectrum of policy and practice issues, and although the issues have become clear, resolution has not been achieved nor has consensus developed regarding a framework on which to improve the quality of adoption policy and practice. This book is the fourth in a series to use an ethics-based framework for analyzing and resolving these complex challenges in adoption while avoiding the divisiveness that has heretofore impeded their resolution. This book raises the question of whether assisted reproduction (including sperm donation, egg donation, and embryo transfer), which may result in a child who is not genetically related to one or both parents, creates a situation that is analogous to adoption. The book examines whether the knowledge acquired in the field of adoption should be applied in the area of assisted reproduction and whether issues in adoption, such as identity, access to background information, and search, are equally applicable in the context of reproductive technology. The chapters are: (1) "Infertility, Assisted Reproduction, and Adoption"; (2) "The Meaning of Parenthood in Assisted Reproduction and Adoption"; (3) "The Parties Served through Adoption and Assisted Reproduction"; (4) "Anonymity and Information Access"; (5) "Market Forces in Adoption and Assisted Reproduction"; (6) "Embryo Donation and Adoption"; and (7) "The Law of Adoption and Assisted Reproduction." The concluding chapter notes that the limited research in assisted reproduction has made it difficult to determine the relative risks and benefits of a number of aspects of current practice and that identifying the key issues can serve as a first step toward full discussion of the challenges faced by professionals in adoption and assisted reproduction. (Contains 181 references.) (KB)

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The Meaning of Parenthood in Assisted
The Parties Served through Adoption
Anonymity and Information Access

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