Adult Mortality in Latin America

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Clarendon Press, 1996 - Social Science - 367 pages
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The adult population accounts for a rising proportion of premature deaths worldwide. Adult health issues have often been overshadowed by international concern to improve child survival. Yet, increasingly, developing countries need to confront many of the challenges and dilemmas in the healthsector that are familiar to the Western world. At the same time, most continue to experience a heavy burden of mortality arising from widespread poverty, from the tropical environment, or from high levels of violence. This book considers major issues of public health importance for adults in LatinAmerica. The interdisciplinary nature of mortality analyses, and, in particular, the complementary of demographic and epidemiological research is emphasized throughout. Following a review of the demographic trends shaping public health priorities in Latin America, the book considers the value and limits of the available data on adult deaths. Recent advances in methods for measuring adult mortality are explained. Next, the book examines the mortality transitionand accompanying epidemiological transition in the region. The experience is compared with that of other parts of the world. Beyond this point, investigations must become disease or condition specific if they are to inform health planning. Thus, the second half of the book discusses the impact onadults of several major infectious diseases and of non-communicable diseases, the reproductive health of women, and deaths from accidents and violence.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Contributors
7
AMERICO MIGLIONICO Pan American Health Organization
14
JUAN CHACKIEL Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia
40
Evaluation of Vital Statistics for the Study of Causes of Death
45
DANUTA RAJS Instituto Medico Legal Santiago Chile
67
Use of Vital Statistics on Maternal Deaths in Argentina
69
New Estimates of the Decline in Adult Mortality since 1950
87
Causes of Adult Death in LowMortality Developing
140
Adult Mortality Decline in Costa Rica
166
Epidemiology and Demography of Tuberculosis
199
Malaria Mortality in Brazil
217
AIDS in Brazil
230
Adult Mortality from Chronic Diseases in Chile 196890
253
Maternal Mortality
276
Induced Abortion as a Cause of Maternal Mortality
295

LUIS ROSEROBIXBY Princeton University Princeton
89
Experience with the Sisterhood Method for Estimating
108
The Epidemiological Transition in Latin America
123
ELIDA MARCONI Ministerio de Salud y Accion Social Buenos
138
Mortality from Accidents and Violence in Colombia
337
Index
359
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About the author (1996)

Ian M. Timaeus is at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Juan Chackiel is at UN Latin American Demographic Center.

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