Adult Mortality and Children's Transition Into Marriage
Adult mortality due to HIV/AIDS and other diseases is posited to affect children through a number of pathways. On top of health and education outcomes, adult mortality can have significant effects on children by influencing demographic outcomes including the timing of marriage. This paper examines marriage outcomes for a sample of children interviewed in Tanzania in the early 1990s and re-interviewed in 2004. We find that while girls who became paternal orphans married at significantly younger ages, orphanhood had little effect on boys. On the other hand, non-parental deaths in the household affect the timing of marriage for boys.
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adult mortality age and age age squared baseline characteristics baseline survey Beegle bride price controls for age Dependent variable died & non-farm died & rich district fixed effects earlier marriage effect of orphanhood errors in brackets Father died Father lives February 2007 February Female adult died female household member Female prime-age adult head's education household head impact of paternal Includes controls Kagera region KHDS lives in household Log of expenditure Malawi Male adult died Male prime-age adult marginal effects estimated marriage among women marriage by 2004 marriage patterns married Mother died non-farm household orphaned at baseline orphanhood on probability panel survey parental death paternal orphanhood Permanent flooring prime-age adult died prime-age death prime-age female household probability of marriage Probit R-squared re-contact re-interviewed reported are marginal Research Working Paper Results reported rich household Robust standard errors sample school at baseline transition into marriage World Bank young adults