Advaita and Viśiṣṭādvaita: A Study Based on Vedānta Deśikā's Śatadūṣani
This book presents a comprehensive exposition of Vedanta Desika`s Satadusani, a polemical classic of Visistadvaita Vedanta, devoted to the criticism of the doctrines of Advaita Vedanta. The thought-provoking arguments found in the Sixty-six Vedas of the original text are brought together, analysed and discussed in a systematic manner under eight broad headings: Pramanas Perception; Consciousness; Individual self; Brahman; Universe; Avidya; Sadhana and Mukti.In presenting the dialectics of Vedanta Desika in a vigorous and scholastic form the author deals with numerous issues that the Vadas raise--epistemological, ontological, religious, and ethical. Thought the issues are many, each discussing a specific problem, they are ultimately directed to refute the central doctrine of Advaita, viz., that Brahman which is pure consciousness devoid of all determinations, constitutes the sole Reality and every thing else is illusory. While carefully tracing the fundamental differences between the two systems of Vedanta, he points out that the differences are mostly due to the difference in the stand-points they adopt.Faithfully conforming to the original in letter and spirit, this work will serve as a useful introduction to the study of the Sribhasya of Ramanuja. A distincy contribution to the study of classical Hindu thought, this book should be of interest to students of Philosophy in general and Vedanta in particular.
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PRAMA11As AND T1mm VALIDITY
T1nz NATURE AND CONTENT or Pzncepnon
NATURE OF THE INDIVIDUAL SELF
Docrama or Nmcuqm BRAMAN
Material Causality of Brahman
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Absolute admitted Advaita Vedanta Advaitin Advaitin’s theory aimini ajﬁdna apprehended argued arguments attribute avidyd Badarayana bahuvrihi basis bondage causality cessation chapter character characteristics cognisership cognition conﬂict consciousness criticism darfana deep sleep defect deﬁned deﬁnition denoted Devadatta devoid discussion distinction doctrine effect established eternal existence experience ﬁnal ﬁrst Hence identical illusion illusory immutable indeterminate individual inference inﬁnite issue Isvara jivas karma latter locus logical Madhva Madhyamikas manifestation material cause mdyd means to moksa Mimamsa moksa nature of Brahman nescience nirguna nirguna Brahman non-difference one’s perception Philosophy plurality positive entity possible pramanas prior non-existence probans prove psychosis qualiﬁed question Ramanuja Reality referring to Brahman reﬂection refute regarded relation release removed respect Samkara Satadzisani scriptural texts self-luminous sense organs shell-silver smrti speciﬁc srutis study of Vedanta sublated substrate svanipa syllogism term thing unintelligible universe untenable Upanisadic text Vada vadah validity Vdda Vedanta Desika Visistadvaitin words