Advanced Bioimaging Technologies in Assessment of the Quality of Bone and Scaffold Materials: Techniques and Applications

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L. Qin, Harry K. Genant, J.F. Griffith, K.S. Leung
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 28, 2007 - Medical - 700 pages
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This book provides a perspective on the current status of bioimaging technologies developed to assess the quality of musculoskeletal tissue with an emphasis on bone and cartilage. It offers evaluations of scaffold biomaterials developed for enhancing the repair of musculoskeletal tissues. These bioimaging techniques include micro-CT, nano-CT, pQCT/QCT, MRI, and ultrasound.

 

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A systematic collection of the recent advanced bio-imaging techniques adopted in the emerging field of tissue engineering.

Contents

Perspectives on Advances in Bone Imaging for Osteoporosis
5
Bone Structure and Biomechanical Analyses Using Imaging and Simulation Technology
27
Imaging Technologies for Orthopaedic Visualization and Simulation
51
From Isotom Over Densiscan to XtremeCT
65
Calibration of MicroCT Data for Quantifying Bone Mineral and Biomaterial Density and Microarchitecture
79
Repositioning of the Region of Interest in the Radius of the Growing Child in Followup Measurements by pQCT
85
Noninvasive Bone Quality Assessment Using Quantitative Ultrasound Imaging and Acoustic Parameters
103
Cortical Bone Mineral Status Evaluated by pQCT Quantitative Backscattered Electron Imaging and Polarized Light Microscopy
133
Application of MicroCT and MRI in Clinical and Preclinical Studies of Osteoporosis and Related Disorders
399
CTBased Microstructure Analysis for Assessment of Bone Fragility
417
Discrimination of Contributing Factors to Bone Fragility Using vQCT In Vivo
430
Osteoporosis Research with the vivaCT40
451
Mechanical Properties of Vertebral Trabeculae with Ageing Evaluated with MicroCT
463
MRI Evaluation of Osteoporosis
474
Multiple Bioimaging Modalities in Evaluation of EpimediumDerived Phytoestrogenic Fraction for Prevention of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
485
Areal and Volumetric Bone Densitometry in Evaluation of Tai Chi Chuan Exercise for Prevention of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
505

HighFidelity Histologic ThreeDimensional Analysis of Bone and Cartilage
163
Application of Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy in Musculoskeletal Research
172
Fiberoptic Nanobiosensors and NearField Scanning Optical Microscopy for Biological Imaging
191
Changes of Biological Function of Bone Cells and Effect of Antiosteoporosis Agents on Bone Cells
204
Bone Histomorphometry in Various Metabolic Bone Diseases Studied by Bone Biopsy in China
223
Cell Traction Force Microscopy
227
ContrastEnhanced MicroCT Imaging of Soft Tissues
239
Materials Selection and Scaffold Fabrication for Tissue Engineering in Orthopaedics
258
Quantification of Porosity Connectivity and Material Density of Calcium Phosphate Ceramic Implants Using MicroComputed Tomography
289
Bone Densitometries in Assessing Bone Mineral and Structural Profiles in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
307
Application of NanoCT and HighResolution MicroCT to Study Bone Quality and Ultrastructure Scaffold Biomaterials and Vascular Networks
323
Applications in Experimental Spinal Fusion Model
332
Assessment of Bone Cartilage Tendon and Bone Cells by Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy
353
TEM Study of Bone and Scaffold Materials
370
A Rational Approach to Therapy
393
Enhancement of Osteoporotic Bone Using Injectable Hydroxyapatite in OVX Goats Evaluated by Multiimaging Modalities
517
Quality of Healing Compared Between Osteoporotic Fracture and Normal Traumatic Fracture
531
Monitoring Fracture Healing Using Digital Radiographies
542
Fracture Call us Under Antiresorptive Agent Treatment Evaluated by pQCT
553
Volumetric Measurement of Osteonecrotic Femoral Head Using Computerized MRI and Prediction For Its Mechanical Properties
569
the Role of Imaging Technology
578
ContrastEnhanced MRI and MicroCT Adopted for Evaluation of a LipidLowering and Anticoagulant Herbal EpimediumDerived Phytoestrogenic Ex...
593
Nanomechanics of Bone and Bioactive BoneCement Interfaces
612
Subchondral Bone Microarchitecture Changes in Animal Models of Arthritis
627
of Primary Osteoarthrotic Subchondral Bone
641
Ultrasonic Characterization of Dynamic DepthDependent Biomechanical Properties of Articular Cartilage
657
Mechanical Property of Trabecular Bone of the Femoral Heads from Osteoarthritis and Osteoporosis Patients
672
Index
691
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