Advanced ICTs for Disaster Management and Threat Detection: Collaborative and Distributed Frameworks: Collaborative and Distributed Frameworks
IGI Global, Jun 30, 2010 - Computers - 370 pages
Disaster management is a dynamic and fluid area, which requires the involvement of expertise from different authorities and organizations. There is a need to prepare and plan in advance actions in response to disaster related events in order to support sustainable livelihood by protecting lives, property and the environment.
Advanced ICTs for Disaster Management and Threat Detection: Collaborative and Distributed Frameworks demonstrates how strategies and state-of-the-art ICT have and/or could be applied to serve as a vehicle to advance disaster management approaches, decisions and practices. This book provides both a conceptual and practical guidance to disaster management while also identifying and developing effective and efficient approaches, mechanisms, and systems using emerging technologies to support an effective operation. This state-of-the-art reference collection attempts to prompt the future direction for disaster managers to identify applicable theories and practices in order to mitigate, prepare for, respond to and recover from various foreseen and/or unforeseen disasters.
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Title is acronym for information and communication technologies. Editors emphasize natural and technical disaster types. There are three phases: preparation, situation, and analysis. Some recent advances include smart-web radio to translate text to voice for dissemination and radio telecontrol to use power distribution lines to network measurement, communication and switches. It also has scenario-based reasoning for conflicting objectives. Topics include crisis management, disaster risk reduction, systemic disaster management system, educational game, disaster media, rapid onset informatics, tool deployment, early warning, med info systems, social media, web2.0, 3d and virtual world models, mathematical models, sensors and computing, and personalized evacuation data. It cites a variety of blogs. If the reader is interested in environmental development as a prevention measure, then additional sources may be required.
A Systemic Approach toManaging Natural Disasters
Public Awareness Education andTraining Community Resilience in India
Multimedia EducationalApplication for Risk Reduction
Changing Media Environmentsand the Efficient Use of ICT forDisaster Communication
Disaster Management with Regardto Rapid Onset Natural Disasters
Information Management as a Tool forEffective Disaster Risk Reduction
Efficient Deployment ofICT Tools in DisasterManagement Process
Current State and Solutionsfor Future Challenges inEarly Warning Systems andAlerting Technologies
Collaborative Learning OpportunitiesUsing Virtual World Scenarios
An Experience from Venezuela
Integrating ScenarioBasedReasoning into a MultiCriteriaDecision Support System forEmergency Management
Petition for a New HPC Approach
The SCIER System
The FFEDGPS Approach
Compilation of References
About the Contributors