Advanced ICTs for Disaster Management and Threat Detection: Collaborative and Distributed Frameworks: Collaborative and Distributed Frameworks

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Asimakopoulou, Eleana
IGI Global, Jun 30, 2010 - Computers - 370 pages
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Disaster management is a dynamic and fluid area, which requires the involvement of expertise from different authorities and organizations. There is a need to prepare and plan in advance actions in response to disaster related events in order to support sustainable livelihood by protecting lives, property and the environment.

Advanced ICTs for Disaster Management and Threat Detection: Collaborative and Distributed Frameworks demonstrates how strategies and state-of-the-art ICT have and/or could be applied to serve as a vehicle to advance disaster management approaches, decisions and practices. This book provides both a conceptual and practical guidance to disaster management while also identifying and developing effective and efficient approaches, mechanisms, and systems using emerging technologies to support an effective operation. This state-of-the-art reference collection attempts to prompt the future direction for disaster managers to identify applicable theories and practices in order to mitigate, prepare for, respond to and recover from various foreseen and/or unforeseen disasters.

 

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Title is acronym for information and communication technologies. Editors emphasize natural and technical disaster types. There are three phases: preparation, situation, and analysis. Some recent advances include smart-web radio to translate text to voice for dissemination and radio telecontrol to use power distribution lines to network measurement, communication and switches. It also has scenario-based reasoning for conflicting objectives. Topics include crisis management, disaster risk reduction, systemic disaster management system, educational game, disaster media, rapid onset informatics, tool deployment, early warning, med info systems, social media, web2.0, 3d and virtual world models, mathematical models, sensors and computing, and personalized evacuation data. It cites a variety of blogs. If the reader is interested in environmental development as a prevention measure, then additional sources may be required. 

Contents

A Systemic Approach toManaging Natural Disasters
1
Public Awareness Education andTraining Community Resilience in India
22
Multimedia EducationalApplication for Risk Reduction
35
Changing Media Environmentsand the Efficient Use of ICT forDisaster Communication
46
Disaster Management with Regardto Rapid Onset Natural Disasters
65
Information Management as a Tool forEffective Disaster Risk Reduction
80
Efficient Deployment ofICT Tools in DisasterManagement Process
95
Current State and Solutionsfor Future Challenges inEarly Warning Systems andAlerting Technologies
108
Collaborative Learning OpportunitiesUsing Virtual World Scenarios
179
An Experience from Venezuela
201
Integrating ScenarioBasedReasoning into a MultiCriteriaDecision Support System forEmergency Management
221
Petition for a New HPC Approach
237
The SCIER System
262
The FFEDGPS Approach
279
Compilation of References
296
About the Contributors
329

Medical Information System
131
Case Study Gaza 200809
143
Utilizing Web 20 for DecisionSupport in Disaster Mitigation
164

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About the author (2010)

Eleana Asimakopoulouhas a first degree (University of Luton, UK) and an MA (University of Westminster, UK) in Architecture and a PhD (Loughborough University, UK) in managing natural disasters using Grid technology. She is currently a visiting lecturer at the Department of Computer Science and Technology at the University of Bedfordshire. Eleana is a reviewer in several international conferences and journals and her research interests include emergency management, response and planning for disasters, business continuity, construction and risk management, and also advanced ICT methods (such as grid and other forms of applicable collaborative technologies) for disaster management.

Nik Bessis is currently a principal lecturer (associate professor) in the Department of Computer Science and Technology at University of Bedfordshire (UK). He obtained a BA from the TEI of Athens and completed his MA and PhD at De Montfort University (Leicester, UK). His research interest is the analysis, research, and delivery of user-led developments with regard to data integration, annotation, and data push methods and services in distributed environments with a particular focus on next generation and grid technologies for the benefit of various virtual organizational settings, including disaster management. He is involved in and leading a number of funded research and commercial projects in these areas. Dr. Bessis has published numerous papers and articles in international conferences and journals, he serves as a conference organizer and he is the editor of two books and, the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Distributed Systems and Technologies (IJDST). [Editor]

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