Advanced Manufacturing Technologies and Workforce Development
This study examines the relationship between organizational performance, advanced manufacturing technologies and workforce development activities. In response to domestic and international competitive pressures, manufacturers are making increasing expenditures in both labor and technology. Both corporate and government surveys report that billions of dollars a year are spent for worker training and new technology by U.S. manufacturers. Despite these expenditures, little empirical evidence exists about the relationship between worker development activities and advanced technologies or the organizational outcomes from their combined use.In this study, multiple workforce development activities and advanced technology were defined and compared to several types of organizational performance at a variety of manufacturing plants in the Midwest. Human resource managers completed surveys that assessed areas of worker development, technology, environment and technology-driven workplace needs. Results indicate modest support for the relationship between technology, workforce development and organizational performance. Strong support, however, was found for the relationship between relational and skill needs due to changes in technology and the plant emphasis on process and individual worker development. This suggest that managerial perceptions regarding workplace changes from technology may be amore important factor than the technology itself in determining the type of workforce development activities provided. In addition, findings supported the use of multiple workforce development activities".
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
addition alpha AMT usage AMTs and workforce analysis assess beta Boyer business units confidence interval correlations cost performance devel developmental activities discrepancy function employees environment environmental uncertainty examined F-ratio factor findings firms flexible force development activities formance human resource management human resource performance human resource practices Huselid implementation important increased individual workforce development individual/managerial development interaction terms introductory development labor productivity latent variable Likert scales Likewise managerial ment activities modeled relationships operations opment organizational performance perceptions performance gains performance measures performance outcomes plant emphasis point estimate predicted principle components analysis process development productivity performance promote rela reliability Research suggests response RMSEA sample skill requirements specific statistically significant structural equation modeling survey SYSTAT Table TECHL technology AMTs technology and workforce Terborg tion tionship unexplained variance utilized variance explained Vollmann voluntary turnover worker workforce development activities workplace needs
Page 246 - Business environment, operations strategy, and performance: an empirical study of Singapore manufacturers. Journal of Operations Management 13: 99-1 15 Ward PT, Hick lord DJ, Leong GK (1996) Configuration of manufacturing strategy, business strategy, environment and structure.
Page 243 - ... parallel research and development efforts. The Review of Economics and Statistics 351-364. Passer, H., 1953. The Electrical Manufacturers, 1875-1900. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. Pindyck, RS, 1991. Irreversibility, uncertainty, and investment. Journal of Economic Literature 29, 1110-1152. Rosenthal, SR, 1984. Progress toward the "factory of the future'.
Page 243 - An evaluation of a weightlifting belt and back injury prevention training class for airline baggage handlers.
Page 246 - A Two-Factor Classification of Competitive Strategy Variables," Strategic Management Journal, 6 (October-December), 357-76. Wagner, Harvey M. (1984), "Profit Wonders; Investment Blunders," Harvard Business Review, 62 (September-October), 121-35.
Page 232 - Bassi, LJ 1995. Upgrading the US workplace: Do reorganization, education help? Monthly Labor Review, 118; 37-47.