Advanced Models of Cognition for Medical Training and Practice

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David A. Evans, Vimla L. Patel
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 10, 1992 - Medical - 376 pages
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Cognitive science is a multidisciplinary science concerned with understanding and utilizing models of cognition. It has spawned a great dealof research on applications such as expert systems and intelligent tutoring systems, and has interacted closely with psychological research. However, it is generally accepted that it is difficult to apply cognitive-scientific models to medical training and practice. This book is based on a NATO Advanced Research Workshop held in Italy in 1991, the purpose of which was to examine the impact ofmodels of cognition on medical training and practice and to outline future research programmes relating cognition and education, and in particular to consider the potential impact of cognitive science on medical training and practice. A major discovery presented in the book is that the research areas related to artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and medical decision making are considerably closer, both conceptually and theoretically, than many of the workshop participants originally thought.
 

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Contents

Epistemological Constraints on Medical KnowledgeBased Systems
3
Philosophical and Educational Perspectives in Medicine
21
The Language of Medicine and the Modeling of Information
43
Artificial Intelligence Issues KnowledgeBased Systems
69
Emerging Synergies For Decision Support
71
Computational Models of CasedBased Reasoning for Medicine
91
The Evaluation of Medical Expert Systems
101
Technology and Artificial Intelligence Issues Implementations
121
Implications for Medical Training
255
Encapsulation of Biomedical Knowledge
265
Psychological Issues Teaching and Learning in Medicine
283
How One Learns GraphReading Skills for Solving Biochemistry Problems
285
Who Will Catch the Nagami Fever? Causal Inferences and Probability Judgment in Mental Models of Diseases
307
An Exploratory Study in Comparative Cognitive Science
327
Cognitive Effects of Practical Experience
337
Reflections on Practice The Medical School Perspective
349

Cognitive Models and Training Approaches
123
From Expert Systems to Intelligent Tutoring Systems
149
Expert Systems in Teaching Electrocardiography
163
Psychological Issues Medical Cognition
191
Application for Training and Practice
193
Implications for Instruction and Testing in Biomedicine
213
Some Convergent Issues with Psychological Modeling in Medical Reasoning
245
The Dean and the Bear
351
The European Medical Education Perspective
357
Perspectives from Spain
361
Present Problems and Future Plans for Eastern European Medical Schools
365
List of Author Participants
369
List of Other Participants
371
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