Advanced Renewable Energy Sources
This book is an ideal reference text for teaching renewable energy to engineering and science students, as well as a reference book for scientists and professionals doing self study on the subject. The book has twelve chapters and starts with the definition and classification of renewable and non renewable energy and their status at global level. This chapter also contains the basic heat transfer mechanisms and laws of thermodynamics. It then deals with availability of solar radiation at different latitudes and energy and exergy analysis of flat plate collector, solar air collector, solar concentrator, evacuated tube collector, solar water heating system, solar distillation and solar cooker. The following chapter discusses the basics of semiconductor, its characteristics, working, characteristics of solar cell in dark and daylight situation, fundamentals of characteristic curves of semiconductor, fundamentals of PV module and array and some PVT systems. Detailed discussion on biomass, bio-fuels and biogas and their applications and the power produced by them, namely bio-power, is covered in the following chapters. Other renewable energy sources like hydropower, wind and geothermal are then covered as well as a chapter dealing with the working principle, basic theory and the capability to produce power from ocean thermal, tidal, wave and animal energy conversion systems. Subsequently, net CO2 mitigation, carbon credit, climate change and environmental impacts of all renewable energy resources are all covered followed by a discussion on the techno-economic feasibility of any energy sources as the backbone of its success and hence energy and economic analysis. The chapters deal the overall exergy of renewable energy sources by using the thermal and mechanical power and electrical energy as output. SI units are used throughout the book in solving various exercises in each chapter and conversion units of various physical and chemical parameters of metals and non-metals are also given in appendices.
Economics of Renewable Energy
Ocean Thermal Tidal Wave and Animal Energy
absorber plate acid air temperature angle bandgap beam radiation biodiesel biogas biogas plant biomass BIPVT Calculate carbon dioxide chemical coeﬂicient combustion components constant convective heat transfer cost crop cycle ð Þ density depends diffuse radiation digester electrical efficiency electricity embodied energy emissions engine equation ethanol exergy efficiency expression factor flat plate collector flow fluid fossil fuels fuel cells G. N. Tiwari gases gasifier given glass cover greenhouse heat loss heat transfer coefficient Hence increase inlet insulation junction law of thermodynamics liquid material maximum mechanical outlet output p-n junction photovoltaic pressure producer gas PV module PVT system pyrolysis ratio renewable energy Renewable Energy Sources semiconductor shown in Figure slurry solar cells solar energy solar radiation Solution storage surface Table thermal conductivity thermal efficiency thermal energy thin-film tube vapour velocity voltage water jet wind turbine